On Modeling and Diagnosis of Friction and Wear in Industrial Robots
2012 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Industrial robots are designed to endure several years of uninterrupted operation and therefore are very reliable. However, no amount of design effort can prevent deterioration over time, and equipments will eventually fail. Its impacts can, nevertheless, be considerably reduced if good maintenance/service practices are performed. The current practice for service of industrial robots is based on preventive and corrective policies, with little consideration about the actual condition of the system. In the current scenario, the serviceability of industrial robots can be greatly improved with the use of condition monitoring/diagnosis methods, allowing for condition-based maintenance (cbm).
This thesis addresses the design of condition monitoring methods for industrial robots. The main focus is on the monitoring and diagnosis of excessive degradations caused by wear of the mechanical parts. The wear processes may take several years to be of significance, but can evolve rapidly once they start to appear. An early detection of excessive wear levels can therefore allow for cbm, increasing maintainability and availability. Since wear is related to friction, the basic idea pursued is to analyze the friction behavior to infer about wear.
To allow this, an extensive study of friction in robot joints is considered in this work. The effects of joint temperature, load and wear changes to static friction in robot a joint are modeled based on empirical observations. It is found that the effects of load and temperature to friction are comparable to those caused by wear. Joint temperature and load are typically not measured, but will always be present in applications. Therefore, diagnosis solutions must be able to cope with them.
Different methods are proposed which allow for robust wear monitoring. First, a wear estimator is suggested. Wear estimates are made possible with the use of a test-cycle and a friction model. Second, a method is defined which considers the repetitive behavior found in many applications of industrial robots. The result of the execution of the same task in different instances of time are compared to provide an estimate of how the system changed over the period. Methods are suggested that consider changes in the distribution of data logged from the robot. It is shown through simulations and experiments that robust wear monitoring is made possible with the proposed methods.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2012. , 66 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1516
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-72975Local ID: LiU-TEK-LIC-2012:1ISBN: 978-91-7519-982-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-72975DiVA: diva2:464280
2012-01-20, Visionen, Hus B, Campus Valla, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Nyberg, Mattias, Associate Professor
Gunnarsson, Svante, Professor
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