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Intellektuellt kapital: En fallstudie om problematiken i kreditbedömningsprocessen
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Intellectual capital : A case study regarding the difficulties in the credit valuation process (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund och problem: Det föreligger en problematik i kreditbedömningsprocessen som berör svårigheten att bedöma ett  bolags värde samt dess återbetalningsförmåga. Vanligtvis värderas organisationer utefter sina finansiella rapporter men eftersom de inte alltid inkluderar immateriella tillgångar i form av intellektuellt kapital skapas en informationsasymmetri. Informationsasymmetrin kan vara en orsak till eventuella felbedömningar av ett företags riskutsatthet och framtida utveckling och således till ett nekande av sökt kredit. Forskare lägger skulden på redovisningssystemet men vi vill lyfta frågan om problemet även kan ligga i kreditbedömningsprocessen.

Syfte: Syftet med föreliggande studie är att undersöka hur banker, i rollen som finansiärer, behandlar intellektuellt kapital hos kunskapsintensiva företag vid en kreditbedömning. Avsikten är att beskriva, tolka samt reflektera kring kreditprocessen för att påvisa vilken betydelse det intellektuella kapitalet har för kreditbeslutet.

Metod/Empiri: Studien har utförts som en kvalitativ undersökning baserad på intervjuer och praktikfall. De fem storbankerna Danske Bank, Handelsbanken, Nordea, SEB och Swedbank har agerat respondenter. Efter sammanställningen av empiriunderlaget jämfördes svaren mot den teoretiska referensramen. Påträffade samband och avvikelser mellan empiri och teori har i ett logiskt resonemang fått utgöra studiens analys.

Slutsatser: Resultatet av studien visar att studiens respondenter i kreditbedömningsprocessen beaktar avsevärt fler faktorer, som teoretiskt benämns intellektuellt kapital, än vad de är medvetna om. Intellektuellt kapital har därmed en anmärkningsvärd inverkan på kreditbeslutet, även om det inte enskilt är avgörande för beslutet. Vidare visar studien att den främsta problematiken med intellektuellt kapital i kreditbedömningsprocessen rör värderingssvårigheten.

Abstract [en]

Background and problem: There is a problem in the credit valuation process relating to the difficulty of estimating the value of a company and its repayment ability. Generally organizations are valued by their financial statements but since financial statements not always include intangible assets in forms of intellectual capital an information asymmetry is created. The information asymmetry may be a reason for an incorrect assessment of a company’s risk exposure and future development and thus to a refusal of sought credit. Researchers blame the accounting system but we wish to raise the question whether the problem also may lie in the credit valuation process.

Aim: The purpose of this master thesis is to investigate how banks treat intellectual capital in knowledge-intensive firms in a credit valuation process. The aim is to describe, interpret and reflect around the credit valuation process in order to demonstrate the importance of intellectual capital for the credit decision.

Method/Empirical data: The study was conducted as a qualitative study based on interviews and case studies. Five of the largest banks in Sweden - Danske Bank, Handelsbanken, Nordea, SEB and Swedbank - have acted as respondents. After compiling the empirical material the responses were compared with the theoretical framework. Located relations and differences between empiricism and theory constitute the analysis of the study.

Conclusions: The results of this study show that the respondents in the credit valuation process examines significantly more factors, which in theory is defined intellectual capital, than they are aware of. Intellectual capital has thus a remarkable impact on the credit decision, although it does not individually determine the decision. The study also shows that the main problem with intellectual capital in the credit valuation process is the difficulty of valuation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 93 p.
Keyword [en]
Intellectual capital, information asymmetry, human capital, structural capital, relational capital, credit valuation process, credit decision
Keyword [sv]
Intellektuellt kapital, informationsasymmetri, humankapital, strukturkapital, relationskapital, kreditbedömning, kreditbeslut
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-72864ISRN: LIU-IEI-FIL-A--11/01023--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-72864DiVA: diva2:463388
Subject / course
Master Thesis in Business Administration (Magisteruppsats i Företagsekonomi)
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-12-09 Created: 2011-12-09 Last updated: 2011-12-09Bibliographically approved

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