Bleeding and first-year mortality following hip fracture surgery and preoperative use of low-dose acetylsalicylic acid: an observational cohort study
2011 (English)In: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, ISSN 1471-2474, Vol. 12, no 254Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Hip fracture is associated with high mortality. Cardiovascular disease and other comorbidities requiring long-term anticoagulant medication are common in these mostly elderly patients. The objective of our observational cohort study of patients undergoing surgery for hip fracture was to study the association between preoperative use of low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (LdAA) and intraoperative blood loss, blood transfusion and first-year all-cause mortality. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethods: An observational cohort study was conducted on patients with hip fracture (cervical requiring hemiarthroplasty or pertrochanteric or subtrochanteric requiring internal fixation) participating in a randomized trial that found lack of efficacy of a compression bandage in reducing postoperative bleeding. The participants were 255 patients (andgt;= 50 years) of whom 118 (46%) were using LdAA (defined as andlt;= 320 mg daily) preoperatively. Bleeding variables in patients with and without LdAA treatment at time of fracture were measured and blood transfusions given were compared using logistic regression. The association between first-year mortality and preoperative use of LdAA was analyzed with Cox regression adjusting for age, sex, type of fracture, baseline renal dysfunction and baseline cardiovascular and/or cerebrovascular disease. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults: Blood transfusions were given postoperatively to 74 (62.7%) LdAA-treated and 76 (54%) non-treated patients; the adjusted odds ratio was 1.8 (95% CI 1.04 to 3.3). First-year mortality was significantly higher in LdAA-treated patients; the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) was 2.35 (95% CI 1.23 to 4.49). The mortality was also higher with baseline cardiovascular and/or cerebrovascular disease, adjusted HR 2.78 (95% CI 1.31 to 5.88). Patients treated with LdAA preoperatively were significantly more likely to suffer thromboembolic events (5.7% vs. 0.7%, P = 0.03). less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions: In patients with hip fracture (cervical treated with hemiarthroplasty or pertrochanteric or subtrochanteric treated with internal fixation) preoperative use of low-dose acetylsalicylic acid was associated with significantly increased need for postoperative blood transfusions and significantly higher all-cause mortality during one year after surgery.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central , 2011. Vol. 12, no 254
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-72812DOI: 10.1186/1471-2474-12-254ISI: 000297159600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-72812DiVA: diva2:463282
Funding Agencies|Skane County Councils Research and Development Foundation||Swedish Society of Medicine and Hassleholm Hospital||2011-12-092011-12-082011-12-19