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Interconnections: Glass beads and trade in southern and eastern Africa and the Indian Ocean - 7th to 16th centuries AD
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, African and Comparative Archaeology.
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Glass beads comprise the most frequently found evidence of trade between southern Africa and the greater Indian Oceanbetween the 7th and 16th centuries AD.  In this thesis beads recovered from southern African archaeological sites are organized into series, based on morphology and chemical composition determined by LA-ICP-MS analysis.  The results are used to interpret the trade patterns and partners that linked eastern Africa to the rest of the Indian Ocean world, as well as interconnections between southern Africa andEast Africa.   Comprehensive reports on bead assemblages from several archaeological sites are presented, including: Mapungubwe, K2 and Schroda in the Shashe-Limpopo Basin; Chibuene in southern Mozambique; Hlamba Mlonga in eastern Zimbabwe; Sibudu Cave in KwaZulu-Natal, Kaole Ruins in Tanzania and Mahilaka in northwest Madagascar.  The conclusions reached show that trade relationships and socio-political development in the south were different from those on the East Coast and that changes in bead series in the south demonstrate it was fully integrated into the cycles of the Eurasian and African world-system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of Archaeology and Ancient History , 2012. , 62 p.
Studies in Global Archaeology, ISSN 1651-1255 ; 17
Keyword [en]
glass trade beads, glass analysis, LA-ICP-MS, 7th to 16th century Indian Ocean trade, southern Africa, East Africa, Mapungubwe, K2, Schroda, Chibuene, Hlamba Mlonga, Sibudu Cave, Kaole Ruins, Mahilaka.
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Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-162650ISBN: 978-91-506-2261-4OAI: diva2:463276
Public defence
2012-01-23, 16/0042, English Park Campus, Uppsala University, Uppsala, 10:00 (English)
Available from: 2011-12-29 Created: 2011-12-03 Last updated: 2012-01-16

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