Investigation of the surface topographical differences between the Cross Direction and the Machine Direction for newspaper and paperboard
2011 (English)In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 26, no 4, 468-475 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Paper and paperboard surface quality is constantly being improved by the industry. This improvement work deals with the essential fact that the surface topography must be measured, both in relation to offline and online measurements for the manufactured products. Most measurements relating to surface topography (especially online) are performed either in the machine direction (MD) or in the cross direction (CD). It has been the opinion of SCA Ortviken AB and Iggesund Paperboard AB that the surface topography amplitudes are almost always higher in the CD than in the MD, for their products which consist of newspaper and paperboard. This article aims to investigate the rela-tionship between the CD and the MD surface topography amplitudes for a wide range of spatial wavelength for both newspaper and paperboard. The tests and investiga-tions have been conducted using an FRT Microprof profilometer within the range 20 μm up to 8 mm, and the results confirm that the surface topography amplitudes are higher in the CD for most of the shorter spatial wavelength within this range. The results also show significant differences between measurements for different paper qualities, suggesting a requirement to investigate the relationship between the CD and the MD topography for all paper and paperboard qualities of interest for a paper or paperboard mill, before a decision is made in relation to a measurement method.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 26, no 4, 468-475 p.
Paper surface measurement, Roughness measurement, Surface topography, Optical measurement, spectral analysis, Cross Direction (CD), Machine Direction (MD), Paperboard, Newspaper
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-15060ISI: 000298868000014ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84855528544Local ID: STCOAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-15060DiVA: diva2:462137