Dynamic Modelling of Transit Operations and Passenger Decisions
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Efficient and reliable public transport systems are fundamental in promoting green growth developments in metropolitan areas. A large range of Advanced Public Transport Systems (APTS) facilitates the design of real-time operations and demand management. The analysis of transit performance requires a dynamic tool that will enable to emulate the dynamic loading of travelers and their interaction with the transit system.
BusMezzo, a dynamic transit operations and assignment model was developed to enable the analysis and evaluation of transit performance and level of service under various system conditions and APTS. The model represents the interactions between traffic dynamics, transit operations and traveler decisions. The model was implemented within a mesoscopic traffic simulation model. The different sources of transit operations uncertainty including traffic conditions, vehicle capacities, dwell times, vehicle schedules and service disruptions are modeled explicitly.
The dynamic path choice model in BusMezzo considers each traveler as an adaptive decision maker. Travelers’ progress in the transit system consists of successive decisions that are defined by the need to choose the next path element. The evaluations are based on the respective path alternatives and their anticipated downstream attributes. Travel decisions are modeled within the framework of discrete random utility models. A non-compensatory choice-set generation model and the path utility function were estimated based on a web-based survey.
BusMezzo enables the analysis and evaluation of proactive control strategies and the impacts of real-time information provision. Several experiments were conducted to analyze transit performance from travelers, operator and drivers perspectives under various holding strategies. This analysis has facilitated the design of a field trial of the most promising strategy. Furthermore, a case study on real-time traveler information systems regarding the next vehicle arrival time investigated the impacts of various levels of coverage and comprehensiveness. As passengers are more informed, passenger loads are subject to more fluctuation due to the traveler adaptations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology , 2011. , 281 p.
Trita-TEC-PHD, ISSN 1653-4468
Public Transport, Transit Operations, Simulation Model, Traffic Simulation, Route Choice, Dynamic Model, Assignment Model, Control
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject SRA - Transport
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-49962ISBN: 978-91-85539-80-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-49962DiVA: diva2:460749
2011-12-12, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Nigel, Wilson, Professor
Koutsopoulos, Haris, ProfessorToledo, Tomer, Prof.
FunderTrenOp, Transport Research Environment with Novel Perspectives
QC 201112012011-12-012011-12-012012-06-12Bibliographically approved