Water Treatment for the Removal of Iron and Manganese
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The purpose of the study is to find a suitable method for removal of iron and manganese considering local economic and environmental aspects. El Salvador is situated in Central America with a coast line towards the Pacific Ocean. The country borders Guatemala and Honduras. Aguilares is a town situated in the department of San Salvador, with a population of approximately 33,000 people. Currently, the population is provided with water for about two hours per day, since it is the highest capacity of the existing wells. During these two hours many households fill a small tank with water to use for the remainder of the day. The water is not safe to use for oral consumption because of the levels of bacteria and other contamination. One of the wells, situated in the community of Florída is not in use at this date because of the high levels of Iron and Manganese in the ground water which cannot be removed with the present technique.Ground water is naturally pure from bacteria at a depth of 30 m or more, however solved metals may occur and if the levels are too high the water is unsuitable to drink. The recommended maximum levels by WHO (2008)  for Iron and Manganese are 2 mg/l and 0.5 mg/l respectively.Literature and field studies led to the following results; Iron and manganese can be removed by precipitation followed by separation. Precipitation is achieved by aeration, oxygenation or chemical oxidation and separation is achieved by filtration or sedimentation.The different methods all have advantages and disadvantages. However the conclusion reached in this report is that aeration and filtration should be used in the case of Florída. What equipment and construction that should be used depends on economic and resource factors as well as water requirements, which is up to the council of Aguilares to deliberate.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 43 p.
Water purification, Iron, Manganese, oxidants, diffusers, sand filtration, purification facility
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-5357OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-5357DiVA: diva2:460329
Subject / course
Mechanical Engineering; Mechanical Engineering
Development Assistance Engineer; Development Assistance Engineer
2011-11-25, E103, Högskolevägen, Skövde, 09:00 (English)
Eklind, Alexander, Doktorand
Biel, Anders, Universitetslektor