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X-ray absorption spectroscopy by means of Lanczos-chain driven damped coupled cluster response theory
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. (Computational Physics)
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

A novel method by which to calculate the near edge X-rayabsorption fine structure region of the X-ray absorption spectrum has been derived and implemented. By means of damped coupled cluster theory at coupled cluster levels CCS, CC2, CCSD and CCSDR(3), the spectra of neon and methane have been investigated. Using methods incorprating double excitations, the important relaxation effects maybe taken into account by simultaneous excitation of the core electron and relaxation of other electrons. An asymmetric Lanczos-chain driven approach has been utilized as a means to partially resolve the excitation space given by the coupled cluster Jacobian. The K-edge of the systems have been considered, and relativistic effects are estimated with use of the Douglas--Kroll scalar relativistic Hamiltonian. Comparisons have been made to results obtained with the four-component static-exchange approach and ionization potentials obtained by the {Delta}SCF-method.

The appropriate basis sets by which to describe the core and excited states have been been determined.  The addition of core-polarizing functions and diffuse or Rydberg functions is important for this description. Scalar relativistic effects accounts for an increase in excitation energies due to the contraction of the 1s-orbital, and this increase is seen to be 0.88 eV for neon. The coupled cluster hierachy shows a trend of convergence towards the experimental spectrum, with an 1s -> 3p excitation energy for neon of an accuracy of 0.40 eV at a relativistic CCSDR(3) level of theory. Results obtained at the damped coupled cluster and STEX levels of theory, respectively, are seen to be in agreement, with a mere relative energy shift.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 52 p.
Keyword [en]
NEXAFS, coupled cluster, damped response theory, molecular properties, computational physics, theoretical chemistry, X-ray absorption spectroscopy
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics Theoretical Chemistry Physical Chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-72460ISRN: LiTH-IFM-A-EX--11/2527--SEOAI: diva2:459820
Subject / course
Computational Physics
Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics
Available from: 2011-11-28 Created: 2011-11-28 Last updated: 2011-11-28Bibliographically approved

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