Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Metoder till rökstopp och effektiviteten av dessa för patienter med Kronisk Obstruktiv Lungsjukdom: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att beskriva vilka metoder till rökstopp som fanns uttryckta i litteraturen samt beskriva vilken effekt dessa metoder hade, då detta är en avgörande behandling för patienter med Kronisk Obstruktiv Lungsjukdom. För att påvisa artiklarnas kvalitet granskades dessa med avseende på urvalsgrupp i relation till föreliggande studies syfte. Studiens metod utformades med en deskriptiv design. Litteratursökning utfördes i databaserna Cihnal och Pubmed (Medline) vilket resulterade i 15 artiklar som denna studie baserats på. Resultatet som framkom var att metoderna antingen var ickefarmakologiska eller farmakologiska. De ickefarmakologiska var: rådgivning, spirometri, presenterad lungålder. De farmakologiska metoderna var: NRT (plåster, tuggummi, nässpray, inhalator, sublingualtablett, sugtablett), antidepressivum (Bupropion, Nortriptylin), Vareniclin (binder till samma receptor som nikotin) och Selegilin (MAO-B hämmare). De flesta metoderna visade sig effektiva i förhållande till placebo och ofta uppmättes statistiskt signifikanta skillnader där emellan. Kunde inte statistisk signifikans uppmätas, visade sig resultaten ändå vara positiva. Slutsatsen av studien tyder på att alla metoder till rökstopp är bra, men vissa gav ett bättre intryck av effektivitet. Med mer utbildning och framtida forskning hoppas föreliggande studies författare att valet av rökstoppsmetod anpassas individuellt beroende på patientens förutsättningar och behov.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to describe methods for smoking cessation that has been expressed in literature and to describe the efficacy of the methods, thus it is a crucial treatment for patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. To show the quality of the articles, their sample groups were examined in relation to the aim of present study. The method of the study was formed with a descriptive design. The articles were obtained via databases Cihnal and Pubmed (Medline) which resulted in 15 articles that based this study. The results showed that the methods either were non-pharmacological or pharmacological. The non-pharmacological methods were: counseling, spirometry, presentation of lung-age. The pharmacological methods were: NRT (patch, chewing gum, nasal spray, inhalator, sublingual tablet, lozenge), antidepressants (Bupropion, Nortriptyline), Varenicline (binds to the same receptor as nicotine) and Selegilin (MAO-B inhibitor). Most of the methods showed efficacy in relation to placebo and statistical significance was often measured. Even if the difference was not significant, the results were often positive. The conclusion of the study showed that all methods were good, but some of them were more effective. With more education and future research the authors of this study hope that the choice of method for smoking cessation adapts individually regarding to the patient’s condition and needs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 28 p.
Keyword [en]
COPD, smoking cessation, methods, efficacy
Keyword [sv]
KOL, rökstopp, metoder, effektivitet
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-10938Archive number: SskVk09-04OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-10938DiVA: diva2:459581
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-11-28 Created: 2011-11-26 Last updated: 2011-11-28Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Metoder till rökstopp och effektiviteten av dessa för patienter med Kronisk Obstruktiv Lungsjukdom(635 kB)444 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 635 kBChecksum SHA-512
f59468f9e88a103167feb6d3341b33d97c2da51c0725f3b76d68013220ae9a379b71ddf8af22e2d7ad08ef745042429322f4c54a56d869dbbc557b13e6155537
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 444 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf