Rainfall-runoff model application in ungauged catchments in Scotland
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Användning av en avrinningsmodell i ett skotskt avrinningsområde utan vattenföringsmätningar (Swedish)
The conceptual rainfall-runoff model Hysim is used to estimate the flow in ungauged catchments in Scotland by Scottish Water. However, there are non-quantified uncertainties associated with the outcomes of the modelling strategy used. In order to identify and quantify these uncertainties it was necessary to use the framework of proxy-basin validation in order to evaluate the performance of different modelling strategies. The proxy-basin validation test requires hydrologically analogous catchments for the evaluation of models, a Region Of Influence regionalisation method was used in order group selected catchments by Q95(%MF). Four groups of four catchments were established, which covered Q95(%MF) 5-7%, 7-9%, 9-11% and 11-13%. The allocation of “donor catchment” and “target catchment” for each Q95(%MF) group was accomplished through discussion with Scottish Water with respect to existing Scottish Water modelled catchments. A single donor catchment and three target catchments were therefore indicated for each group. Two modelling strategies were developed by the study; the first full transposition method used the entire optimised parameter-set from the donor catchment with the exception of the target catchment’s “catchment area” parameter. The second partial transposition method used the entire optimal parameter-set with the exception of the target catchment’s “interception storage”, “time to peak”, “rooting depth” and “catchment area” parameters. It was found that the full transposition method had the least uncertainty associated its use for flow estimation when the parameter-set was derived from a donor catchment calibration that was excellent. Contrarily, it was found that the partial transposition model method had the least uncertainty associated with flow estimation for parameter-sets that were derived from a relatively poor donor catchment calibration. Encouraged by this testing framework, this study has suggested the use of catalogue of donor parameter-sets that can be used to estimate flow for catchments that are hydrologically similar. This strategy of hydrological modelling has been recommended to improve existing Scottish Water Hysim methodology.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 71 p.
Examensarbete vid Institutionen för geovetenskaper, ISSN 1650-6553 ; 228
ungauged catchment, proxy-basin validation, region of interest, transposition method, hysim, rainfall-runoff model, sepa, scottish water, scotland
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-162181OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-162181DiVA: diva2:459228
Master Programme in Earth Science
2011-09-16, Geocentrum, 00:00
UppsokLife Earth Science
Halldin, Sven, Professor