Alcohol prevention in emergency care: Drinking patterns among patients and the impact of a computerized intervention in a Swedish Emergency department
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The aim of this thesis was to generate knowledge about alcohol consumption among patients in a Swedish ED, the reach and effectiveness of a computerized brief intervention delivered in the ED, and factors that are associated with reduced alcohol consumption 6 months after the ED visit.
The results from the studies show that alcohol consumption was higher among patients who were injured than patients who were not injured. Injury patients had a higher weekly consumption, drank more frequently and drank higher typical quantities than non-injury patients. Patients who were categorized as acute drinkers had higher weekly alcohol consumption and were more frequently engaged in heavy episodic drinking (HED) than non-acute drinkers.
Among the patients who took part in the computerized test, more than 15% stated that they were at the preparation stage or actively motivated to change their alcohol consumption. Of the patients who were categorized as acute drinkers, 34% were at the action or preparation stage.
Among patients who were categorized as risky drinkers, 48% became non-risky drinkers at follow-up. The relative change in average weekly consumption among risky drinkers was 30% and the relative change in HED occasions per month was 37% from baseline to follow-up.
Motivated to reduce alcohol consumption at baseline, influenced by just visiting the ED, considering the alcohol-related feedback information and impact from a health care provider are independent predictors for reduced alcohol consumption.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2011. , 79 p.
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1266
Alcohol prevention, drinking patterns, emergency department, computerized concept
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-72333ISBN: 978‐91‐7393‐049‐9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-72333DiVA: diva2:459188
2011-12-12, Aulan, Universitetssjukhuset, Campus US, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 09:00 (English)
Daeppen, Jean-Bernard, Professor
Nilsen, Per, Dr.Bendtsen, Preben, ProfessorFestin, Karin, Dr.
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