Modeling imitation and emulation in constrained search spaces
2011 (English)In: Animal Learning and Behavior, ISSN 0090-4996, Vol. 39, no 2, 104-114 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Social transmission of behavior can be realized through distinct mechanisms. Research on primate social learning typically distinguishes two forms of information that a learner can extract from a demonstrator: copying actions (defined as imitation) or copying only the consequential results (defined as emulation). We propose a decomposition of these learning mechanisms (plus pure individual learning) that incorporates the core idea that social learning can be represented as a search for an optimal behavior that is constrained by different kinds of information. We illustrate our approach with an individual-based model in which individuals solve tasks in abstract “spaces” that represent behavioral actions, results, and benefits of those results. Depending on the learning mechanisms at their disposal, individuals have differential access to the information conveyed in these spaces. We show how different classes of tasks may provide distinct advantages to individuals with different learning mechanisms and discuss how our approach contributes to current empirical and theoretical research on social learning and culture.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 39, no 2, 104-114 p.
Imitation, emulation, social learning, culture, individual based modeling
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-64763DOI: 10.3758/s13420-010-0009-zISI: 000293212600002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-64763DiVA: diva2:458577
authorCount :32011-11-232011-11-232011-12-29Bibliographically approved