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Att dö med trycksår
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Trycksår är en lokal skada av huden. Skadan ligger ovanför ett benutskott och orsakas av tryck eller en kombination av tryck skjuvning eller friktion. Smärta från trycksåret är ett vanligt förekommande problem som påverkar livskvaliteten negativt.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka förekomsten av trycksår i livets slutskede samt att se om personer med smärta och trycksår är smärtskattade med VAS/NRS. Syftet var även att se om det fanns något samband mellan trycksår och smärta.

Metod: Metoden som använts var en retrospektiv deskriptiv undersökning med kvantitativ ansats. Insamling av data skedde via frågor tagna ur dödsfallsenkäten. Uppgifterna togs ur Svenska palliativregistret samt via journalgranskning.

Resultat: Förekomsten av trycksår under 2008-2010 var mellan 29 - 33 %. Under perioden dog 95 (30 %) personer med trycksår, 83 % av dessa trycksår var kategori 1 eller 2 sår. Av de som avled med trycksår upplevde 78 % smärta sista veckan i livet, 59 % hade smärtskattats med VAS/NRS där det visade sig att 69 % skattade över 3 på VAS/NRS skalan. Medianen på VAS/NRS var 6. Inget signifikant samband mellan trycksår och smärta påvisades.

Slutsats: Personal som vårdar personer i livets slutskede bör ha en god kunskap om hur, var­för och när trycksår uppkommer mot slutet av livet och även ha ökad kunskap om kroppens smärtmekanismer samt vilken symtomlindring som fungerar.

Nyckelord: god död, palliativvård, cancer, Svenska palliativregistret.

Abstract [en]

Background: Pressure ulcers are a local damage of the skin. The damage is above a bony prominence caused by pressure or a combination of pressure shear and friction. Pain from the pressure ulcer is a common problem that affects quality of life negatively.

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of pressure ulcers in palliative care and to see if people with pain and pressure ulcers are pain assessed by VAS/NRS. The aim was also to see if there was any correlation between pressure ulcers and pain.

Method: The method used was a retrospective descriptive study with quantitative approach. Data collection was done through questions taken from the Swedish death inquiry. The data were taken from the Swedish palliative register and through journal review.

Results: The incidence of pressure ulcers during 2008-2010 was between 29 – 33 %. During the period died 95 (30%) with pressure ulcers, 83% of these pressure ulcers were category 1 or 2 wounds. Of those who died with pressure ulcers 78 % experienced pain last week of life, 59 % had pain assessed by VAS/NRS that showed that 69% estimated above 3 on the VAS/NRS scale. The median on VAS/NRS was 6. No significant correlation between pressure ulcers and pain were found.

Conclusion: Staff who care for people in end of life care should have a good knowledge of how, why and when pressure ulcers occur towards the end of life, they should also have greater knowledge of the body's pain mechanisms and pain relief that works.

Keywords: Good death, palliative care, cancer, Swedish palliative register.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 36 p.
Keyword [en]
good death, palliative care, cancer, Swedish palliative register
Keyword [sv]
god vård, palliativ vård, cancer, Svenska palliativregistret
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-161984OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-161984DiVA: diva2:458084
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktning mot onkologisk vård
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-11-23 Created: 2011-11-21 Last updated: 2013-04-19Bibliographically approved

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