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A thermochromic low-emittance coating: Calculations for nanocomposites of In2O3:Sn and VO2
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8279-5163
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
2011 (English)In: Applied Physics Letters, ISSN 0003-6951, E-ISSN 1077-3118, Vol. 99, no 13, 131907- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Calculations based on the Bruggeman effective medium theory were applied to thin films comprising a heavily doped wide band gap semiconductor (specifically In(2)O(3):Sn (ITO)) and VO(2). Films with similar to 20 vol. % of VO(2) can combine a 10% thermochromic modulation of the solar energy throughput with a luminous transmittance of 50%-60% and low thermal emittance. The maximum thermochromic modulation is similar to 13% and occurs at similar to 35 vol. % VO(2). Coatings of ITO-VO(2) are of interest for energy efficient fenestration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 99, no 13, 131907- p.
Keyword [en]
coatings, indium compounds, nanocomposites, semiconductor thin films, thermo-optical effects, vanadium compounds, wide band gap semiconductors
National Category
Physical Sciences Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Physics with spec. in Atomic, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics; Engineering Science with specialization in Solid State Physics
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-161596DOI: 10.1063/1.3641869ISI: 000295618000027OAI: diva2:457794

Copyright 2011 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics.

Available from: 2011-12-19 Created: 2011-11-15 Last updated: 2016-04-20Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. VO2-based Thermochromic and Nanothermochromic Materials for Energy-Efficient Windows: Computational and Experimental Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>VO2-based Thermochromic and Nanothermochromic Materials for Energy-Efficient Windows: Computational and Experimental Studies
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

VO2-based films are thermochromic and exhibit high or low infrared transmittance when the temperature is below or above a critical temperature. The thermochromic switching is passive and reversible, and therefore VO2 based films are promising for energy-efficient window appli­cations. However the practicaluse of VO2 for energy-efficient windows has long been hampered by low luminous transmittance and low solar energy transmittance modulation. The main goal of this dissertation work is to address these issues.

The first half of the work proposes the concept of nanothermochromics for simultaneous improvement of luminous transmittance and modulation of solar energy throughput. nanoth­ermochromics considers VO2 nanoparticle composite layers, whose optical properties were modeled by effective medium theories. Calculations on VO2 spheroids have shown that VO2 nanoparticles, especially nanospheres, can offer dramatically improved luminous transmittance and solar transmittance modulation that are not possible for films. Calculations done on coreshell nanoparticles showed comparable improvements and offer an opportunity to reduce the material costs. It was also found that the composite of In2O3:Sn (ITO) and VO2 can yield moderately high luminous transmittance, solar transmittance modulation and low-emittance properties.

In the second half of the dissertation work, Mg-doped VO2 films were sputter deposited. Their band gaps and Mg-content were investigated by means of optical absorption measurement and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry, respectively. The band gaps of VO2 were found to increase by ∼3.9±0.5 eV per unit of atom ratio Mg/(Mg+V) for 0<Mg/(Mg+V)<0.21. Computations based on effective medium theory were done to estimate the performance of Mg­-doped VO2 films and nanoparticle composite layers. The results suggest that moderately doped VO2 films with 0<Mg/(Mg+V)<0.06 perform better than un-doped films and that the perfor­mance can be further enhanced with one layer of antireflection coating. The best results were achieved by un-doped VO2 nanospheres, closely followed by the VO2 nanospheres with low Mg-content.

Furthermore, the an experimental study on sputter deposited VO2 nanorods has identified the geometry of the oxygen gas inlet, the type of substrate, the substrate temperature and the layer thickness as important factors that influence the growth morphology.

Taken as a whole, nanothermochromics offered by VO2 nanoparticles was shown to be the best solution for VO2 based thermochromic energy-efficient window coatings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2013. 143 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1095
VO2, thermochromism, nanothermochromics, energy efficient windows, optical modeling, effective medium theory, thin film characterization, doping
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-210016 (URN)978-91-554-8801-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-12-13, Häggsalen, Ångström Laboratory, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala University, Polacksbacken, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2013-11-21 Created: 2013-10-29 Last updated: 2014-01-23

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