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En studie om högstadieelevers lunchvanor
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
A study of adolescents’ lunch habits in secondary school (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Intag av en balanserad skollunch har associerats till hälsosamma matvanor i övrigt, däribland bättre måltidsordning och mer hälsosamma mellanmål.Syfte: Att undersöka elevers lunchvanor under skoldagar vid en högstadieskola i Arjeplog och en i Arvidsjaur.Metod: En enkät delades ut till 110 elever i årskurs 8 och 9 i Arjeplog och Arvidsjaur. Enkäten frågade efter elevernas lunchvanor, om intag av utrymmesmat samt frukt och grönsaker.Resultat: Fyra av fem elever åt skollunch dagligen (77 %, n=84). Mindre än var femte av dessa åt en balanserad skollunch enligt Livsmedelsverkets definition (17 %, n=14). Fler intog en balanserad skollunch i Arvidsjaur än i Arjeplog (p=0,009). Den oftast valda anledningen till att skollunchen intogs var för att stilla hungern och för att den inte konsumerades att de inte tyckte om maten. Av de som inte åt skollunch dagligen var det vanligast att de åt snabbmat istället. Det var 62 % (n=67) av alla deltagare som ansåg att skollunchen hade för få alternativ av varmrätter. Av eleverna åt 53 % (n=57) godis minst två dagar per vecka. De som åt en balanserad skollunch åt mer frekvent grönsaker, samt frukt än de med obalanserad skollunch (p<0,001 respektive p=0,023). Grönsaker intogs dagligen av 37 % (n=15) av tjejerna och 17 % (n=11) av killarna (p=0,025).Slutsats: Högstadieelevernas måltidsmönster vid lunchtid i Arjeplog och Arvidsjaur indikerar mindre hälsosamma matvanor i övrigt. Tendenser till mindre hälsosamma matvanor ses i Arjeplog. Smaken och kvaliteten på maten har stor betydelse för om ungdomarna i högstadiet konsumerar skollunchen eller inte. Satsningar på skolmaten är en viktig investering i folkhälsan.

Abstract [en]

Background: Intake of a balanced school lunch has been associated with healthier eating habits in general, for example better meal planning and healthier snacks.Objective: To investigate the lunch habits of pupils during school days, in one secondary school in Arjeplog and Arvidsjaur, respectively.Method: A survey was handed out to 110 pupils in 8th and 9th grade in Arjeplog and Arvidsjaur. The survey asked for the pupils’ lunch habits, intake of high sugary and fast food as well as fruit and vegetables.Results: Four out of five pupils ate school lunch daily (77 %, n=84). Less than every five of these pupils ate a balanced school lunch according to the Swedish food administration’s definition (17 %, n=14). More pupils ate a balanced school lunch in Arvidsjaur (p=0,009). The most chosen reason to eat school lunch was to satisfy ones hunger, and for not to eat that they didn’t like the food. Among non-school lunch eaters, it was most common to eat fast food instead. Of all the pupils, 62 % (n=67) thought that the school lunch was lacking main course options. Candy was eaten at least two days per week by 53 % (n=57) of the pupils. Among balanced school lunch eaters, fruit and vegetables where consumed more frequently than among those eating an unbalanced school lunch (p=0,023; p<0,001, respectively). Vegetables where eaten daily by 37 % (n=15) of the girls and 17 % (n=11) of the boys (p=0,025).Conclusion: The eating habits during lunchtime in Arjeplog and Arvidsjaur indicate less healthy dietary habits in general. There are tendencies of less healthy food habits in Arjeplog. When deciding whether to eat school lunch or not, taste and quality of the food is of major importance. Investment in school meals is an important investment in public health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011.
Keyword [sv]
ungdomar, högstadieelever, matvanor, lunchvanor
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-49284OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-49284DiVA: diva2:454164
Subject / course
Examensarbete inom dietistprogrammet
Educational program
Dietistprogrammet
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Available from: 2011-11-08 Created: 2011-11-06 Last updated: 2011-11-08Bibliographically approved

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