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Selection and implementation of an optimal system to handle garbage in Kigali, Rwanda
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Reports from various institutions claim that garbage management in Rwanda has had diverse effectson both the natural environment and human society. Such claims prompted for an exploratory study to find outan optimal system to handle solid waste in Kigali City.The study considered a literature review and primary data from 400 randomly selected citizens. They weresurveyed about their opinions on which system they perceived to be the optimal to handle garbage in KigaliCity. The computer software Web-Hipre was used to analyze data on the three systems considered to handlesolid waste in Rwanda: briquetting, composting, and incineration.The results indicate briquetting as the optimal alternative to handle solid waste from homesteads and workplacesof Kigali City. Briquetting considers production of solid fuels that may reduce destruction of forests for fuel.Other major reasons for briquetting, highlighted by respondents, include improved kitchen hygiene andsanitation and replacement of charcoal for a less dusty fuel.Economic factors governed surveyed participants to prioritise briquetting system to handle solid waste in Kigali.Composting may be considered for transforming organic materials into mulch to support farming activities inrural areas as well as gardening in the towns. However, a centralised incineration system is presently notsuitable. The private sector has so far not fully been engaged in the transformation of solid waste into bioenergyin Rwanda.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011.
Keyword [en]
Sustainable Development, Waste, Garbage, Biomass, Composting, Briquetting, Incineration, Combustion, Conversion, Mulch, Biodegradable, Non-biodegradable, Solid fuel, and Bioenergy
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-160842OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-160842DiVA: diva2:453273
Educational program
Master Programme in Sustainable Development
Uppsok
Life Earth Science
Available from: 2011-11-03 Created: 2011-11-01 Last updated: 2011-11-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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