The screening for novel proteasome inhibitors as a treatment of cancer using IncuCyte FLR and fluorometric microculture cytotoxicity assay.
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The problem of finding targeted medicine is a central problem in chemotherapy. From this point of view the ubiquitin-proteasome system is a highly promising object in the pharmaceutical approach. Proteasome plays a critical role in cellular protein degradation, cell cycle and apoptosis regulation.
Proteasome inhibitors are substances blocking the actions of proteasome. Cancer cells are more sensitive to inhibition of the ubiquitin-proteasome system than normal cells. Therefore proteasome inhibitors have the potential to be successfully used in the cancer treatment.
The study aimed to test various substances to identify possible proteasome inhibitors with the IncuCyteTM FLR image system and fluorometric microculture cytotoxicity assay. Using the IncuCyte FLR method allows for detecting changes in the molecular processes of living cells. To make proteasome inhibition visible the model cell line MelJuSoUbG76V-YFP is used which helps to detect alterations in proteasome activity by means of the yellow fluorescent protein enrichment in cells as a response to proteasome inhibition. Fluorometric microculture cytotoxicity assay is a method for the determination of cytotoxicity in human tumor cells.
The study showed that substance #25 possessed a proteasome inhibitory capacity in a dose-dependent manner as demonstrated with the IncuCyte FLR image system.
According to the fluorometric microculture cytotoxicity assay, substance #1 was the most stable and toxic. Substances #2 and #185 had selective toxicity against cancer cells and lower effects against normal cells.
Combining IncuCyte FLR and fluorometric microculture cytotoxicity assay allows finding substances which act as proteasome inhibitors with high toxic effect.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Anticancer drug development, proteasome inhibition, chemotherapy, image-based screening assay, FMCA.
Medical and Health Sciences Biomedical Laboratory Science/Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-160700OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-160700DiVA: diva2:452432
Lenhammar, LenaFryknäs, Mårten
Ek, Pia, professor