Cytoskeletal filament systems: assembly, regulation, and interplay in mammalian cells
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The cell represents the basic unit of structure and function for all life. The interior of a eukaryotic cell is organized by an extensive array of protein filaments – collectively referred to as the cytoskeleton. These filaments serve diverse essential functions, e.g. to provide mechanical resilience, facilitate intracellular transport, and enable cell polarization, locomotion and division. Here I have explored the mechanisms that regulate synthesis and assembly of two cytoskeletal filament systems – microtubules and septins – and how these interact in human cells. The present thesis is based on three principal discoveries. Firstly, we have found that the microtubule-destabilizing protein Op18/Stathmin also regulates synthesis of tubulin heterodimers, which are the building blocks for microtubules. Secondly, we have unraveled the general rules that govern assembly of mammalian septins into native polymerization-competent heterooligomers. Finally, our combined results point to a non-reciprocal interplay whereby interphase microtubules support a disc-like arrangement of septin filaments, which delineate static plasma membrane regions. I here discuss the physiological significance and implications of these findings.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, Institutionen för molekylärbiologi , 2011. , 68 p.
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 1450
Cell and Molecular Biology
Research subject cellforskning
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-48508ISBN: 978-91-7459-301-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-48508DiVA: diva2:450376
2011-11-11, Major Groove, Institutionen för Molekylärbiologi, Försörjningsvägen, Byggnad 6L, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 09:00 (English)
Thorner, Jeremy, Professor
Gullberg, Martin, Professor
List of papers