Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Life Cycle Assessment of Scenarios for the Icelandic Vehicle Fleet
Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Engineering Science and Technology, Department of Energy and Process Engineering.
2011 (English)MasteroppgaveStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Environmental issues, foremost global warming and climate change, are attracting more and more attention in world’ discussion as the global community constantly works on an agreement for actions to limit it. Global warming and climate change are human induced greenhouse effects that are a direct result of burning fossil fuels. Global warming is not the only problem of using fossil fuels. It is estimated that recoverable fossil energy reserves can only meet the demand for energy until 2050, if demand stabilizes at a current level. Iceland has commitments to reduce emissions contributing to global warming and as the transportation sector makes up a considerable proportion of the total emissions therefore the analysis of that sector is important. The overall aim of this report is therefore to analyze the life cycle emissions of the Icelandic vehicle fleet from 1990 to 2010 and then to develop possible and necessary scenarios for the future development of the fleet. Emissions of the Icelandic vehicle fleet are calculated using a life cycle approach. First the historical model used to calculate past emissions is defined along with the relevant parameters. Additional parameters for the scenario model, for three different scenarios: the reference; the green and the target, are presented and further calculations explained. The results show that emissions in the reference scenario increases continually and by 2050 it is over three and a half times higher than the emission reduction target, while the green scenario, which assumes moderate measures, is over 2.6 times higher. The target scenario, being the only scenario getting close to the target, has a reduction in emissions at 67% by 2050 compared to 2010. The model gives a clear indication of the development of the service provided, and shows that there is little reduction in the population’s overall mobility in the reference and green scenarios, while the kilometers driven per person returns to 1990 level in the target scenario. The model indicates that reaching the emission reduction goal that the Icelandic government has announced seems very unlikely if all sectors are to reduce emissions equally. It is clear that action needs to be taken immediately in Iceland and elsewhere if international goals are to be kept.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutt for energi- og prosessteknikk , 2011. , 98 p.
Keyword [no]
ntnudaim:6360, MSINDECOL Industriell Økologi, Environmental Systems Analysis
URN: urn:nbn:no:ntnu:diva-14259Local ID: ntnudaim:6360OAI: diva2:450281
Available from: 2011-10-20 Created: 2011-10-20

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(2999 kB)601 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2999 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf
cover(108 kB)21 downloads
File information
File name COVER01.pdfFile size 108 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type coverMimetype application/pdf
attachment(1202 kB)22 downloads
File information
File name ATTACHMENT01.zipFile size 1202 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type attachmentMimetype application/zip

By organisation
Department of Energy and Process Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 601 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 70 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link