Experimental Study of Post-Dryout Heat Transferin Annuli with Flow Obstacles
2011 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
An experimental study on post dryout heat transfer regime in annuli with flow obstacles was conducted in the High-pressure Water Test (HWAT) loop at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden. An annulus consisting of two concentric heated pipes (12.7x24.3) mm, with total heated length equal to 3650 mm was employed as a test section. Three kinds of flow obstacles were used: pin-spacers, cylindrical obstacles and grid obstacles. The experiments performed in the test section with pin-spacers only were considered as the reference case. In two consecutive sets of runs, additional obstacles were placed inside the flow channel while keeping the pin spacers in the same positions. In that way the net effect of obstacles on heat transfer was measured. The experimental investigations were performed in a wide range of the operational conditions: mass flux (500-1750) kg/(m2s), inlet subcooling (10-40) K and system pressure (5-7) MPa. The wall superheat was measured at 88 different axial positions (40 on the inner tube and 48 on the outer tube) for the conditions mentioned above. A local heat transfer coefficient was calculated based on the measured annulus wall temperatures and the saturated fluid (water) properties. The results show an enhancement of the heat transfer coefficient downstream of flow obstacles. The most significant influence has been observed in case of pin spacers. This result is consistent with blockage area of various obstacles, which was the highest in case of pin spacers. The data obtained in more than 200 runs were compared with two pre-dryout and post-dryout correlations. The correlations show a slight over-prediction of the heat transfer coefficient in both pre-dryout and post-dryout regions. The thesis contains a detailed description of experimental procedures as well as an analysis of the results of measurements.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology , 2011. , vii, 39 p.
Trita-FYS, ISSN 0280-316X ; 2011:20
annulus, post-dryout, temperature distribution, flow obstacles, new measurements
Research subject SRA - Energy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-44071ISBN: 978-91-7501-020-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-44071DiVA: diva2:450247
2011-06-10, FB55, AlbaNova UniversitesCentrum , Roslagstullsbacken 21, SE-10691, Stockholm, 09:44 (Swedish)
Andreani, Michele, Ph D
Anglart, Henryk, Associate Professor
ProjectsSKC: Post Dryout Regime
QC 201110242011-10-242011-10-202011-10-24Bibliographically approved
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