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Anticipatory Looking in Infants and Adults
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7658-9307
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1149-2517
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7980-3601
2011 (English)In: Proceedings of EyeTrackBehavior 2011, 2011Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Infant language acquisition research faces the challenge of dealing with subjects who are unable to provide spoken answers to research questions. To obtain comprehensible data from such subjects eye tracking is a suitable research tool, as the infants’ gaze can be interpreted as behavioural responses. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the amount of training necessary for participants to learn an audio-visual contingency and present anticipatory looking behaviour in response to an auditory stimulus. Infants (n=22) and adults (n=16) were presented with training sequences, every fourth of which was followed by a test sequence. Training sequences contained implicit audio-visual contingencies consisting of a syllable (/da/ or /ga/) followed by an image appearing on the left/right side of the screen. Test sequences were identical to training sequences except that no image appeared. The latency in time to first fixation towards the non-target area during test sequences was used as a measurement of whether the participants had grasped the contingency. Infants were found to present anticipatory looking behaviour after 24 training trials. Adults were found to present anticipatory looking behaviour after 28-36 training trials. In future research a more interactive experiment design will be employed in order to individualise the amount of training, which will increase the time span available for testing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011.
Keyword [en]
Anticipatory looking, eye tracking methodology, first language acquisition
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Phonetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-63192OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-63192DiVA: diva2:447545
Conference
Tobii EyeTrackBehavior 2011
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, K2003-0867
Available from: 2011-10-13 Created: 2011-10-12 Last updated: 2014-04-29Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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