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Sambandet mellan cigarrettrökning och parodontit
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The relationship between cigarette smoking and parodontits (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa sambandet mellan cigarrettrökning och paro-dontit.Metod: Studien bygger på en allmän litteraturstudie som sammanställer aktuell forsk-ning inom det valda ämnesområdet. Detta studerades genom att granska olika studiers koppling mellan parodontit och cigarrettrökning. Studien baseras på 15 kvantitativa artiklar som söktes via PubMed och Sience Direct.Resultat: Resultatet visade att det fanns ett samband mellan parodontit och cigarrett-rökning. Rökning var den främsta beteendemässiga riskfaktorn för uppkomst av paro-dontit. Rökare uppvisar ett mer ohälsosamt beteende och negativ attityd till allmän hälsa. Kroppens infektionsförsvar försämrades hos rökare. Slutsats: Studien har funnit att det finns ett samband mellan cigarrettrökning och pa-rodontit. Variabler som ålder och kön har ingen påverkan på associationen mellan ci-garettrökning och parodontit. Däremot är det antalet rökta cigarretter per år och anta-let år av konsumtion som har en påverkan för uppkomst av parodontit.

Abstract [en]

Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between cigarette smoking and parodontitis. Method: The study is based on a general literature study that compiles current research in the chosen subject. The study is based on 15 quantitative articles which were searched through PubMed and Sience Direct. Results: The results showed that there was a relation between periodontal disease and cigarette smoking. Smoking was the primary behavioral risk factor for the occurrence of parodontitis and smokers showed a more unhealthy behavior and negative attitude to the general health. Studies also showed that the body's defense against bacteria decreased in smokers who had a high amount of plaque and thus contributed to the immune system overreacts to the bacteria. This in turn caused widespread damage in the tissue and resulted in loss of tissue.Conclusion: The study showed that there is a relation between cigarette smoking and periodontitis. Variables such as age and sex have no influence on the association between cigarette smoking and periodontitis. In contrast, the number of smoked cigarettes per year and the number of years of consumption that have an impact on the occurrence of periodontal disease.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 15 p.
Keyword [en]
Dental hygienists, oral health, periodontits, cigarette smoking
Keyword [sv]
Tandhygienist, oral hälsa, parodontit, cigarrettrökning
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-8598OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-8598DiVA: diva2:447192
Educational program
Study Programme in Oral Health
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-10-20 Created: 2011-10-11 Last updated: 2011-10-20Bibliographically approved

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