Adaptive stochastic weak approximation of degenerate parabolic equations of Kolmogorov type
2010 (English)In: Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, ISSN 0377-0427, Vol. 234, no 1, 146-164 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Degenerate parabolic equations of Kolmogorov type occur in many areas of analysis and applied mathematics. In their simplest form these equations were introduced by Kolmogorov in 1934 to describe the probability density of the positions and velocities of particles but the equations are also used as prototypes for evolution equations arising in the kinetic theory of gases. More recently equations of Kolmogorov type have also turned out to be relevant in option pricing in the setting of certain models for stochastic volatility and in the pricing of Asian options. The purpose of this paper is to numerically solve the Cauchy problem, for a general class of second order degenerate parabolic differential operators of Kolmogorov type with variable coefficients, using a posteriori error estimates and an algorithm for adaptive weak approximation of stochastic differential equations. Furthermore, we show how to apply these results in the context of mathematical finance and option pricing. The approach outlined in this paper circumvents many of the problems confronted by any deterministic approach based on, for example, a finite-difference discretization of the partial differential equation in itself. These problems are caused by the fact that the natural setting for degenerate parabolic differential operators of Kolmogorov type is that of a Lie group much more involved than the standard Euclidean Lie group of translations, the latter being relevant in the case of uniformly elliptic parabolic operators.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2010. Vol. 234, no 1, 146-164 p.
Degenerate parabolic, Weak approximation, Adaptivity, Malliavin calculus, Option pricing
Research subject Mathematics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-47919DOI: 10.1016/j.cam.2009.12.011ISI: 000276372100012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-47919DiVA: diva2:445335