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Patienters upplevelse av att få fysisk aktivitet på recept
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syftet med studien var att beskriva patienters upplevelser av att få fysisk aktivitet ordinerat på recept av distriktssköterskan och om möjligheten att följa det ordinerade. Studien hade en beskrivande design med kvalitativ ansats. Tio kvinnor och tio män som erhållit FaR från två hälsocentraler i Mellansverige deltog i studien. Data samlades in via semistrukturerade intervjuer. Intervjuerna analyserades sedan med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Analysen utmynnade i ett tema: Positivt och enkelt, men ändå svårt att följa receptet och förändra sin livsstil. Fyra kategorier framkom: Att se fysisk aktivitet/förändring som en möjlighet, Att se fysisk aktivitet/förändring som ett hinder, Att bli medveten om behovet av fysisk aktivitet och Att ta kontroll eller inte över sin fysiska aktivitet. De flesta av deltagarna i studien var positivt inställda till FaR. Många upplevde FaR som en "kick" för att börja motionera. Några hade även ändrat sina levnadsvanor gällande kosten. Olika hinder och omständigheter framkom varför ordinationen inte följdes. Slutsatsen är att patienterna i stort är positiva till FaR, men det kan vara svårt att följa ordinationen och förändra sin livsstil på grund av bristande motivation.

Nyckelord: Distriktssköterska, FaR (fysisk aktivitet på recept), motivation, patient, upplevelse

Abstract [en]

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to describe patients' experiences of receiving physical activity prescribed by the district nurse, and the possibility of adhering to the prescription. The study had a descriptive design and a qualitative method was used. Ten women and ten men who received physical activity on prescription from two different medical centers in central Sweden participated in the study. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews. The interviews were analyses with a qualitative content analysis. The analysis resulted in one theme: Positive and simple, yet difficult to adhere to the prescription and change their lifestyles. The analysis resulted in four categories: To see physical activity and changes as an opportunity, To see physical activity and changes as an obstacle, To become aware of the need for physical activity and To take control or not over their physical activity. Most of the participants in the study were in favor of the prescription. Many experienced the physical activity prescribed as a motivation to start exercising, some had even changed their lifestyle habits and diets. Various obstacles and circumstances contributed to why prescriptions were not adhered to. The conclusion is that the patients in general proved positive to physical activity on prescription, however it may sometimes be difficult to adhere to the prescription and change lifestyles due to lack of motivation.

Keywords: District nurse, physical activity on prescription, motivation, patient, experience

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
District nurse, Physical activity on prescription, Motivation, Patient, Experience
Keyword [sv]
Distriktssköterska, FaR (Fysisk aktivitet på recept), Motivation, Patient, Upplevelse
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-10482Archive number: SPECDSK/vt11nr49OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-10482DiVA: diva2:444026
Subject / course
Caring science
Educational program
Specialist nursing – master’s programme (one year)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-11-02 Created: 2011-09-27 Last updated: 2011-11-02Bibliographically approved

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