Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Effects of Target-Word Frequency Rate on Sound-Meaning-Connection in Five to Fifteen Month-Old Swedish Infants
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Computational Linguistics. (barnspråk)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7046-4917
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics. (barnspråk)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7046-4917
1999 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of manipulating target-word frequency rate and target-word phrase position on sound-meaning-connection in five to fifteen month old Swedish infants. Three different test conditions, each one of them a film showing objects and corresponding phrases made of randomly generated artificial words, were designed. The structure of the first, high variability test condition included context-dependent information and the structures of the second and the third, low variability test conditions were characterised by frequent nonsense target-word rate, target-words occurring in phrase final position. The aim of the artificial input language was to ensure the novelty of test material, and to simulate the type of learning situation - when the semantic content of words is arbitrary - facing young infants in the beginning of language learning. Analysis of informants looking behaviour, prior to, and after exposure to the objects and the corresponding audio input, were performed. Results showed that the structure of high variability test condition and the structure of low variability test conditions were associated with significant between-group differences. This finding indicates that the nonsense phrases in low variability test conditions managed to 'explain' the objects just like semantically meaningful phrases do. When compared with past research, these findings seem to suggest that experience-dependent mechanisms may support, besides word segmentation, even more complicated aspects of language learning, such as acquisition of syntax.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. , 51 p.
Keyword [en]
Language acquisition
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-62657OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-62657DiVA: diva2:443873
Uppsok
Humanities, Theology
Supervisors
Note

Eeva Klintfors är född Koponen.

Available from: 2011-10-13 Created: 2011-09-26 Last updated: 2017-01-19Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(500 kB)335 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 500 kBChecksum SHA-512
4b304e983ef9268fb6e4ed06088b17a4275146000fc3d2ca945c6059820dfc4f399c815f2cc9e405363c20c2a31c82ec0500774227b12e0a40ec56f9e3096f07
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Koponen, EevaKlintfors, Eeva
By organisation
PhoneticsComputational Linguistics
General Language Studies and Linguistics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 335 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 104 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf