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Ambient language effects on babbling: pitch contours in Swedish and American 12- and 18-month-olds
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics. (barnspråk)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7046-4917
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics. (barnspråk)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7046-4917
2002 (English)In: Proceedings from Fonetik 2002, Stockholm Center for Physics, Astronomy and Biotechnology, Stockholm, May 29-31, 2002. / [ed] Cathrin Dunger, Björn Granström, David House, Anne-Marie Öster, Stockholm: Department of Speech, Music and Hearing, KTH, Printed by Universitetsservice AB , 2002, 13-16 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Results of a previous listening test have indicated that tonal word accent contours present in 12- and 18-monthers’ babbling may provide listeners with perceptually reliable cues to ambient language. In particular, Swedish 18- and, to some extent, 12-monthers were judged to produce more grave accent-like vocalizations than were American English children in the same age-groups.

     The present experiment was carried out to evaluate the phonetic substance underlying these listener judgments. It was expected that utterances that had been judged as grave in the listening test would display F0 characteristics typical of Swedish grave accent words, i.e., two-peaked contours with a marked second tone-peak. F0 measurements were made of the same disyllabic babbles that had been used in the listening test.

     Results indicated that vocalizations that had been judged as having the grave accent in the listening test differed from those that had not been judged as having the grave accent. Specifically, vocalizations judged as grave displayed higher F0 in the second vowel of the disyllabic vocalizations. Essentially, then, the result supported the view that Swedish 18-monthers (and, to a lesser extent, 12-monthers) may just be beginning to gain command of the tonal aspect of the word accent contrast, and that the relevant tonal contour can be reliably detected in listening.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Speech, Music and Hearing, KTH, Printed by Universitetsservice AB , 2002. 13-16 p.
Series
Quarterly Progress and Status Report TMH-QPSR, ISSN 1104-5787 ; 44
Keyword [en]
language development, early speech production, language specific cues
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Phonetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-62653OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-62653DiVA: diva2:443830
Conference
Fonetik 2002
Note
Eeva Klintfors är född KoponenAvailable from: 2011-10-13 Created: 2011-09-26 Last updated: 2014-05-26Bibliographically approved

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