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Modeling and Control of a PMSynRel Drive for a Plug-InHybrid Electric Vehicle
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electrical Machines and Power Electronics.
2011 (English)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis presents two transient models for a prototype integrated charger for use in a plug-in hybrid-electrical vehicle application. The models can be useful in order to develop control algorithms for the system or to recommend improvements to the machine design.

A flux map based method, obtaining input data from simulations using the finite element method (FEM) is used to model the grid synchronization process. The grid side voltage can then be predicted by incorporating spatial flux linkage harmonics. The model is implemented in Matlab/Simulink and compared to stand alone FEM simulations with good agreement.

The charging process is modeled using an inductance based model also requiring FEM simulations as input data. Since the flux linkages in the grid and inverter side windings are dependent on each other, the presented transient model is linearized around a specific operating point. This model is also implemented in a Matlab/Simulink environment.

Sensorless control of a PMSynRel drive is also studied in this thesis. Focus is put on operating limits due to magnetic saturation when operating at low speeds. The rotating and pulsating voltage vector injection methods for sensorless control are studied in detail. A technique to map the feasible sensorless control region is proposed which utilizes the resulting position error signal rather than data of differential inductances. This technique is implemented experimentally and compared to corresponding FEM simulations with good agreement.

The impact of spatial inductance harmonics on the quality of the position estimates is also studied. A method to predict the maximum position estimation error due to the inductance harmonics is proposed based on simplified analytical models. A technique is presented and experimentally verified which can compensate for this effect by injecting a modified rotating voltage carrier. Lastly, the impact of saturation in the rotor structure on the initial magnet polarity detection is investigated. The experimental results, in good agreement with the corresponding FEM simulations, indicate that the impact of saturation in the magnet bridges of rotor is the dominant phenomenon at lower peak current magnitudes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology , 2011.
Trita-EE, ISSN 1653-5146 ; 2011:063
Keyword [en]
Electric drive, feasible region, inductance spatial harmonics, integrated charger, permanent-magnet assisted synchronous reluctance machine, plug-in hybrid-electric vehicle, polarity detection, saturation and cross-saturation, sensorless control, signal injection, transient modeling.
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-40832ISBN: 978-91-7501-109-7OAI: diva2:442423
2011-10-21, sal H1, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
QC 20110928Available from: 2011-09-28 Created: 2011-09-21 Last updated: 2011-09-28Bibliographically approved

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