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Samband och könsskillnader mellan kriminalvårdares personlighetsdrag och upplevelse av säkerhetsklimat
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Relationships and gender differences between the personality traits of prison officers and their experiences of safety climate (English)
Abstract [sv]

Anstalten Hall utanför Södertälje tillhör säkerhetsklass A, vilket innebär att de intagna utgör en hög risk för allmänheten. De anställda har därmed ett stort ansvar i att upprätthålla säkerheten på anstalten. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka möjliga samband mellan kriminalvårdarnas personlighet, deras upplevelse av säkerhetsklimatet och upplevda incidenter. Vidare studerades könsskillnader avseende personlighetsdrag och upplevelse av säkerhetsklimat. För att undersöka detta användes säkerhetsformuläret NOSACQ-50 och personlighetsskalan Swedish universities Scales of Personality (SSP). Totalt ingick 30 deltagare i studien. Signifikanta samband fanns mellan personlighetsdragen misstroende, bitterhet, somatisk ångestbenägenhet, social konformitet och verbal aggressionsförmåga i förhållande till hur de anställda upplevde säkerhetssystemet samt ledningen och kollegornas säkerhetsarbete.  Signifikanta skillnader i personlighetsdragen fanns endast mellan mäns och kvinnors somatiska ångestbenägenhet, där kvinnor hade utmärkande högre värden. I övrigt visades inga signifikanta skillnader mellan personlighetsdragen. Vad det gällde upplevelser av säkerhetsklimatet på anstalten mellan könen kunde vissa skillnader utläsas, men dessa var inte signifikanta. Resultaten antyder att människor som arbetar inom kriminalvården är ganska lika varandra och att personlighetsdrag till viss del kan inverka på upplevelsen av arbetsplatsens säkerhetsklimat. Då antalet deltagare är begränsat bör dock slutsatser dras med försiktighet.

Abstract [en]

The prison Hall near Södertälje has safety class A. This means that prisoners constitute a high risk to the public and the employees have a great respons­ibility in maintaining security at the prison. The purpose of this study was to explore possible relationships and differences between the prison officers’ views on safety climate and their personal traits. Furthermore gender differences in personality traits and experience of safety climate were studied. The security form NOSACQ-50 and Swedish universities Scales of Personality (SSP) were used. A total of 30 participants were included in the analysis. Significant correlations were found between the personality traits mistrust, embitterment, somatic trait anxiety, social desirability and verbal trait aggression in relation to how the employees experienced the safety climate. Significant differences in personality traits were found between male and female only in somatic trait anxiety, where women had distinctively higher values then men. When it came to perceptions of safety climate between the sexes some differences could be seen, but these were not significant. The results suggest that men and women working in prisons are quite similar and that personality traits may to some extent affect the experience of the workplace safety climate. As the number of participants is limited, however, care should be taken when making conclusions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
NOSACQ-50, SSP, prison officers, incidents
Keyword [sv]
NOSACQ-50, SSP, kriminalvårdare, incidenter
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-3694OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-3694DiVA: diva2:441489
Subject / course
Psychology
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-10-07 Created: 2011-09-16 Last updated: 2011-10-07Bibliographically approved

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