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Arbetstillfredsställelse hos sjuksköterskor inom intensivvården: – en deskriptiv enkätstudie om arbetstillfredsställelse och upplevda förändringar i arbetssituationen under det senaste året
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet var att beskriva arbetstillfredsställelsen hos intensivvårdssjuksköterskor samt undersöka om arbetssituationen förändrats senaste året. Syftet var vidare att se om skillnader förelåg i arbetstillfredsställelsen mellan intensivvårdssjuksköterskor som arbetade treskift och som inte arbetade treskift. Studien var deskriptiv med kvantitativ ansats. Sextiofyra sjuksköterskor deltog och bortfallet var 29 %. Enkäter testade gällande validitet och reliabilitet för arbetstillfredsställelse användes i studien.

Arbetstillfredsställelsen var genomgående hög, intensivvårdssjuksköterskorna upplevde sig mötas med respekt av överordnade och samarbetsklimatet var bra. De var en del av ett team, arbetet var intressant och autonomin var hög. Majoriteten upplevde att personaltätheten var otillräcklig för arbetsbelastningen, beslut från överordnade gick inte att påverka och nästan en tredjedel upplevde sig inte få beröm vid bra utfört arbete. Trots genomgående hög arbetstillfredsställelse funderade nästan tjugo procent på att byta jobb.

Senaste året hade arbetsbördan ökat med mer administrativt arbete och mindre tid för patientvård. Förtroendet för den offentliga sjukvården hade minskat.

Inga signifikanta skillnader fanns gällande arbetstillfredsställelsen mellan intensivvårdssjuksköterskor som arbetade treskift och som inte arbetade treskift. Nattarbetet ansågs behöva värderas högre med mer tid för återhämtning.

Konklusion: Arbetstillfredsställelsen var genomgående hög men arbetsbördan hade ökat senaste året, utbrett missnöje förekom gällande återhämtningstiden vid nattarbete.

Abstract [en]

The objectives were to describe the work satisfaction amongst intensive care nurses, and to investigate if the work situation has changed over the last year. A further purpose was to see if there were any differences in the work satisfaction between intensive care nurses who worked three-shift and those who did not. The study was descriptive with a quantitative approach. Sixty-four nurses participated and the 29 percent decided not to participate. Questionnaires tested regarding validity and reliability for work satisfaction were used in the study.

Work satisfaction was overall high; the intensive care nurses perceived themselves as being respected by superiors, and the work situation as good. They felt part of a team; the work was interesting and the levels of autonomy high. The majority perceived that the staffing levels were insufficient for the workload, they could not affect the decisions made by their superiors, and almost a third experienced that they do not get praise for work well done. Despite the overall high work satisfaction almost twenty percent were thinking of changing jobs.

During the last year, the workload had increased with more administrative work leaving less time for patient care. The trust in public healthcare had decreased.

No significant differences were found regarding the work satisfaction between intensive care nurses working three-shift and those who did not work three-shift. The general opinion was that night work needed to be valued higher, and that more time was needed for recovery.

Conclusion: The work satisfaction was overall high, but the workload had increased over the last year, and there was a widespread dissatisfaction regarding recovery time after night work.

 

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 41 p.
Keyword [en]
Registered nurse, job satisfaction, work environment
Keyword [sv]
Sjuksköterska, arbetstillfredsställelse, arbetsmiljö
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-158559OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-158559DiVA: diva2:441241
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktining mot intensivvård
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-09-15 Created: 2011-09-11 Last updated: 2011-09-15Bibliographically approved

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