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Endoskoputveckling till ett benborrningssimuleringsprogram
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.).
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Design of an endoscope for a haptic milling simulation (English)
Abstract [sv]

SammanfattningIntro En ny sorts kirurgi är under utveckling där man använder ett endoskop vid ryggradsfrakturer. Det finns ett behov att simulera denna operation för att kunna träna kirurger. Därför har en prototyp av ett endoskop utvecklats till ett program som simulerar benborrning vid mekatronikavdelningen på institutionen för maskinteknik på Kungliga Tekniska högskolan.Systemutveckling Projektet innefattade konstruktion av ett endoskop (rör, verktyg, sensorer och ställdon) som styrs (mikrokontroll) och kommunicerar (RS232) med ett benborrningsprogram. Benborrningsprogrammet använder Virtual Reality och haptik som utökades för att inkludera endoskopet.Resultat Det nyutvecklade endoskopet kan nu användas för att simulera ett titthållsingrepp och betraktas tillsammans med verktygen som en haptisk enhet i benborrningsprogrammet. Detta medför att endoskopet visualiseras grafiskt och kan kollidera med benet.Slutsats Endoskopsimulering av ryggradsfrakturer kommer bli möjlig i en nära framtid och har stor potential men kräver vidare forskning.

Abstract [en]

AbstractIntro A new kind of surgery is under development which uses a tool called an endoscope. This tool will be used during spinal fracture surgeries and thereby contribute to the medical industry. There exists a need to simulate this type of operation in order to train surgeons and their staff. With this aim, a prototype endoscope has been developed to work in conjunction with a bone drilling simulating program at the Mechatronics Department of the Royal Institute of Technology.System overview The project entails the construction of an endoscope (tube, tool, sensors and actuator). This endoscope is controlled by a microcontroller and can communicate (RS232) with the bone drilling program. The bone drilling program uses Virtual Reality and haptic technology. With the addition of the endoscope, certain aspects of the Virtual Reality and haptic technology had to be modified.Results The newly developed endoscope can now be used to simulate an endoscopic operation. Also, it is recognized, together with its tools, as a haptic device in the bone drilling program. This means that the endoscope is visualized graphically and can collide with the virtual bone.Conclusions Endoscopic simulation of spinal fractures will be possible in the near future and has great potential; but, requires further research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 63 p.
, MMK 2010:11 MDA 322
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-40276OAI: diva2:440868
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Available from: 2011-11-28 Created: 2011-09-14 Last updated: 2011-11-28Bibliographically approved

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