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Urban-Rural Relations in China: A Study of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Over three decades of rapid economic growth in China, beginning in 1978, has been accompanied by ever-enlarging urban-rural inequalities in terms of the various aspects of income, welfare, infrastructure, medical treatment, and education (amongst others). These two parts – the urban and the rural - have long been treated separately, without much consideration being given to their mutual linkages (relations). Urban and rural development can, essentially, be interpreted as the deployment of key factors (terms of trade for agricultural products, land requisition, and labor transfer), and the supply of public goods and services (infrastructure, education, insurance, and medical care). Thus, the urban-rural inequalities experienced by China at present can be understood as the consequence of the factor flows (labor, capital, goods, information, and technology, etc.) and agglomeration between these two parts.

This thesis aims to investigate urban-rural relations in China in the post-reform era, and their influences on the economic, social, and environmental development in both the urban and the rural areas. The thesis consists of five papers and the cover essay. The first two papers provide a detailed picture of urban-rural relations in China, while the other papers examine the impact of urban-rural relations in terms of population mobility, arable and built land use change, and regional economic inequality in the study area.

The findings of the thesis reveal that urban-rural relations in China became gradually intensified in the post-reform era, especially when the central government initiated a shift from a situation of urban bias to comprehensive support for the rural areas. However, the mutual resource flows in the study area still tend to agglomerate in the urban districts, while only reaching the rural peripheries to a limited extent. This is demonstrated in the way in which the urban districts experienced fast and large scale demographic growth and land use change, while slow and small-scale demographic and land use change took place in the peripheries. The urban-rural interface, which is situated between the urban and rural areas, evidences medium-level resource agglomeration.

This thesis, through the discussion which it sets out, emphasizes the necessity of exercising both political and market forces in order to achieve balanced urban-rural resource flows in China. Another implication for policy making is to develop more sub-centers at the peri-urban or periphery, making these areas the interface for urban-rural resource linkages.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology , 2011. , 87 p.
Series
Trita-SOM , ISSN 1653-6126 ; 2011:12
Keyword [en]
Urban-rural linkages, Urban bias, Urban-rural interface, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region, China
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-39474ISBN: 978-91-7501-093-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-39474DiVA: diva2:439851
Public defence
2011-09-23, B2, Brinellvägen 23, KTH, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20110909Available from: 2011-09-09 Created: 2011-09-09 Last updated: 2011-09-09Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Future urban-rural relationship in China: comparison in a global context
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Future urban-rural relationship in China: comparison in a global context
2010 (English)In: China Agricultural Economic Review, ISSN 1756-137X, Vol. 2, no 4, 396-411 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to make a general comparison between urban-rural relationship in China and that in the developed countries, aiming to draw some experiences based on which future tendencies of urban-rural relationship in China could be predicted.

Design/methodology/approach – The core analysis of this paper examines how the urban-rural relationship develops especially when urbanization rate reaches a very high level. Through literature review, this paper explores the evolution of urban-rural relationship in developed nations by referring to some international cities in different industrial stages. In parallel, it goes through this relationship in China from 1949 until now.

Findings – This paper shows that future urbanization development in China will be generated largely by rural-urban migration especially the eastern-inclined migration while rural industrialization-lead urbanization would develop at the provincial level. It also points that education and training to the labor force is the crucial issue to future urbanization development in China.

Originality/value – The obvious value of this paper is to predict, through a historical review and comparison, urban-rural relationship in China when it is approaching to high urbanization level. Literature review finds some experiences in developed countries that will somehow take place in China. It also analyzes the eastern-oriented rural-urban migration, rural industrialization and their influence on urban-rural relationship in China.

Keyword
Knowledge economy, China, Urban regions, Rural regions
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-39477 (URN)10.1108/17561371011097713 (DOI)000208393000002 ()2-s2.0-79955109478 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20110909

Available from: 2011-09-09 Created: 2011-09-09 Last updated: 2013-05-06Bibliographically approved
2. Urban-rural interaction in China: Historic scenario and assessment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Urban-rural interaction in China: Historic scenario and assessment
2011 (English)In: China Agricultural Economic Review, ISSN 1756-137X, Vol. 3, no 3, 334-349 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Urban-rural interaction in China has evolved over time and presented features in different periods since 1949. The aim of this paper is to measure urban-rural interaction in China in a 50-year period from 1958 to 2007, and to see if it bears resemblance to the historical evolution.

Design/methodology/approach: The paper historically reviews urban-rural interaction in four periods after 1949. Then, it uses Principal Component Analysis and assesses this interaction in the study period.

Findings: The quantification of urban-rural interaction bears resemblances to its historical evolution. Reform and opening-up as well as the rural-favored policies contribute a lot to the increase of urban-rural interaction.

Originality/value: The paper systematically reviews the evolution of urban-rural interaction in China, and analyzes the features of this interaction in different periods since 1949. It introduces Principal Component Analysis and measures urban-rural interaction.

Keyword
China, Modern history, Urban-rural interaction, Principal component analysis, Urban-bias, Rural-favored policy
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-39479 (URN)10.1108/17561371111165770 (DOI)000296297200004 ()2-s2.0-80054901385 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2011-09-09 Created: 2011-09-09 Last updated: 2011-11-21Bibliographically approved
3. Decomposition Analysis of Population Change and its Determinants in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Decomposition Analysis of Population Change and its Determinants in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region
2011 (English)In: Romanian Journal of Regional Science, ISSN 1843-8520, Vol. 529, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper provides two scenarios of population change and its spatial distribution at the county level in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region: three residential patterns and three population growth groups. The findings show that population change in this region mainly agglomerated to the urban districts and areas of fast population growth in the period of 1990-2000. Regression results also provide details on the contribution of a number of determinants to the population change in the divisions of each scenario. This research concludes by arguing the necessity of future population studies in terms of different regional or local conditions.

Keyword
Decomposition, Population change, Determinants, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-39482 (URN)
Note
QC 20110909Available from: 2011-09-09 Created: 2011-09-09 Last updated: 2011-09-09Bibliographically approved
4. Spatial-temporal arable and builtland use change in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region: 1990-2005
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Spatial-temporal arable and builtland use change in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region: 1990-2005
2011 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The paper investigates land use change at the county level in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region. Unlike previous studies which merely divided the region according to the administrations, the paper identifies three land use patterns in terms of urban-rural resource flows: urban, peri-urban and periphery areas. Research findings show that the change of arable land and built land in the urban areas is faster than that in the peri-urban and periphery areas. Land use change rates in the period of 2000-2005 increased comparing with that in the period of 1990-2000. Regression analysis also shows the changes of driving factors to the land use change in the three patterns in the two research periods. The paper concludes through emphasizing the role of peri-urban areas as the urban-rural interface to coordinate land use in the urban areas and periphery areas in this region.

National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-39485 (URN)
Conference
AAG (56) 2011 Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington
Note

QC 20110909

Available from: 2011-09-09 Created: 2011-09-09 Last updated: 2012-12-06Bibliographically approved
5. Resource Flows and the Decomposition of Regional Inequality in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region, 1990-2004
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Resource Flows and the Decomposition of Regional Inequality in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region, 1990-2004
2012 (English)In: Growth and Change, ISSN 0017-4815, E-ISSN 1468-2257, Vol. 43, no 2, 335-357 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper introduces a new way of decomposing regional inequality. It divides the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei metropolitan region into three sets of districts in terms of the urban-rural resource flows: urban, peri-urban, and peripheral areas. Unlike the administrative divisions, these three sets of districts show how resource flows and agglomerates at the regional level. The paper decomposes regional inequality according to the three sets of districts. The paper's findings show that regional inequality decreased between 1990 and 1994, after which it remained steady. The study, for the first time, brings peri-urban areas into a regional decomposition analysis, and contributes to the understanding of urban-rural resource flows and inequality changes at the regional level.

Keyword
Resource flows, Decomposition analysis, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region, Principal component analysis
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-39486 (URN)10.1111/j.1468-2257.2012.00588.x (DOI)000304136500007 ()2-s2.0-84861203930 (Scopus ID)
Note
QC 20120531Available from: 2011-09-09 Created: 2011-09-09 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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