Investigations of Proneural Glioblastoma to Identify Novel Therapeutic Targets
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Malignant glioma is a highly lethal and destructive disease with no proper cure. We have investigated some of the hallmarks of cancer in connection to glioma and found ways to disrupt these and prevent tumor growth. The work is done within the context of a glioma subtype distinguished by activation of PDGF signaling termed the proneural subtype. In two of the studies we have investigated mechanisms regulating the glioma cells themselves, and in the other two we have focused on the tumor stroma.
In the first study, glioma-initiating cells were isolated in defined serum free culture medium from PDGF-B driven murine glioma and shown to be independent of EGF and FGF2 for self-renewal and proliferation. When cultured in serum the GICs displayed an aberrant differentiation pattern that was reversible. Specific depletion of the transduced PDGF-B caused a loss of self-renewal and tumorigenicity and induced oligodendrocyte differentiation.
The transcription factor S-SOX5 has previously been shown to have a tumor suppressive effect on PDGF-B induced murine glioma, and to induce cellular senescence in PDGF-B stimulated cells in vitro. We found that S-SOX5 had a negative effect on proliferation of newly established human glioma cells cultured under stem cell conditions. We also revealed a connection between alterations causing up-regulation of SOX5 with the proneural subgroup and a tendency towards co-occurrence with PDGFRA alterations.
Angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels from existing ones, is an important hallmark for glioma malignancy. We found that the anti-angiogenic protein HRG had a negative effect on glioma progression in PDGF-B induced experimental tumors and that HRG was able to completely prevent formation of glioblastomas.
Subsequently it was shown that HRG could skew pro-tumorigenic tumor associated macrophages into an anti-tumorigenic phenotype. Stromal cells had not previously been fully investigated in gliomas. We observed a correlation between tumor malignancy and increased numbers of tumor-associated macrophages as well as pericytes in PDGF-B induced gliomas. There was also a correlation between tumor grade and vessel functionality that had not previously been shown.
Our results offer further understanding of gliomagenesis and present possible future therapies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsliensis , 2011. , 45 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 700
Glioma, proneural subtype, hallmarks, glioma initiating cells, S-SOX5, angiogenesis, stromal cells
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Experimental Pathology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-158383ISBN: 978-91-554-8148-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-158383DiVA: diva2:439201
2011-10-21, Rudbecksalen, Rudbecklaboratoriet, Dag Hammarskölds väg 20, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Bjerkvig, Rolf, Professor
Uhrbom, LeneWestermark, Bengt, Professor
List of papers