Oral health in young adults with long-term, controlled asthma
2011 (English)In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 69, no 3, 158-164 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective. To study oral health in young adults with long-term, controlled asthma. Material and methods. Twenty 18- to 24-year-olds with a mean duration of asthma of 13.5 [standard deviation (SD) 5.4] years and 20 matched healthy controls were included. A clinical examination was performed and the prevalences of caries, erosions, gingival inflammation, cervicular fluid and periodontal pockets and the plaque formation rate were registered. The salivary flow rate and the numbers of mutans Streptococci and Lactobacilli in saliva were determined. Plaque pH was measured after a sucrose rinse for up to 40 min at two approximal sites. The participants were interviewed regarding dietary and oral hygiene habits. Results. The mean (SD) DFS, including manifest and initial caries, was 8.6 (10.6) in the asthma group and 4.0 (5.2) in the control group (P = 0.09). Initial caries lesions were more common in the asthma group than in the control group: 6.0 (8.1) and 1.3 (2.0), respectively (P = 0.02). The asthma group had more gingivitis (P = 0.01) and a lower stimulated salivary secretion rate than the controls (P = 0.01). The asthmatics also had a somewhat, although not statistically significant, lower initial pH value in plaque and a more pronounced pH drop compared with the controls. In the asthma group, 65% reported frequent mouthbreathing, compared with 10% of the controls (P = 0.01). No differences were found in tooth-brushing or dietary habits between the groups. Conclusion. Young adults with long-term, controlled asthma had more initial caries, more gingival inflammation and a lower stimulated salivary secretion rate than individuals without asthma.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 69, no 3, 158-164 p.
Asthma, caries, gingival bleeding, mouthbreathing, plaque pH, saliva secretion
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-15918DOI: 10.3109/00016357.2010.547516OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-15918DiVA: diva2:437094