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Att leva på gränsen: En litteraturstudie om borderline personlighetsstörning
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
To live on the edge : A literature review about borderline personality (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Borderline personlighetsstörning karaktäriseras av stark impulsivitet, långvariga känslor av tomhet, självskadebeteende och destruktiva relationer. Suicidrisken uppskattas till 8-10%. Orsaken till borderline personlighetsstörning är ej helt känd men studier har visat att barndomstrauma och negativa händelser i livet kan vara en bidragande faktor till insjuknade. Majoriteten, 75%, av de som utvecklar borderline personlighetsstörning är kvinnor. Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med borderline personlighetsstörning. Metod: En litteraturstudie genomfördes där kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar granskades. Resultat: Författarna hittade ett samband mellan barndomstrauma och kvinnornas upplevelse av låg självkänlsa, skam och identitetsförvirring. Ångest var något som vanligen präglade kvinnornas liv och detta var ofta grunden till självskadebeteende och självmordstankar. Samtidigt som kvinnorna längtade efter närhet och att bli älskade fanns ändå en rädsla för att bli utnyttjade och svikna. I mötet med vårdpersonal upplevde kvinnorna att de ofta inte blev tagna på allvar och kände sig mest till besvär. Slutsats: Kvinnor med borderline personlighetsstörning lever på gränsen mellan liv och död och har ett starkt behov av stabila relationer och omgivningar. För att kunna bemöta dessa kvinnor på rätt sätt krävs det större kunskap om sjukdomen hos vårdpersonal.

Abstract [en]

Background: Borderline personality disorder is characterized by high impulsivity, long-lasting feelings of emptiness, self-injury and destructive relationships. The disease has a high suicide risk, estimated to 8-10%. The cause of borderline personality disorder is yet unknown, but studies have shown that childhood trauma and negative life events may be a contributing factor to illness. The majority of those who develop borderline personality disorder are women. Aim: The aim of the literature review was to describe women’s experience of living with borderline personality disorder. Method: A literature review was conducted in which qualitative and quantitative articles were examined. Results: The authors found a correlation between childhood trauma and women's experience of low self-esteem, shame, and identity confusion. Anxiety was something that usually characterized the lives of women and this was often the basis for self-harm and suicidal thoughts. While women were longing for closeness and to be loved, there was still a fear of being exploited and betrayed. In the meeting with the nursing staff the women felt they often were not taken seriously and felt mostly a nuisance. Conclusion: Women with borderline personality are living on the edge between life and death and have a strong need for stable relationships and surroundings. To respond to these women correctly it requires more knowledge of the disease among health professionals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , p. 14
Keyword [en]
Borderline personality disorder, women, experience, emotional pain
Keyword [sv]
Borderline personlighetsstörning, kvinnor, upplevelser, känslomässig smärta.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-8448OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-8448DiVA, id: diva2:436848
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-08-31 Created: 2011-08-25 Last updated: 2011-08-31Bibliographically approved

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