Cancer during Adolescence: Coping Shortly after Diagnosis and Psychosocial Function during the Acute and Extended Phase of Survival
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
In this thesis coping shortly after diagnosis and psychosocial function during the acute and extended phase of survival was investigated for individuals struck by cancer during adolescence. Sixty-one participants were recruited and data were collected from four to eight weeks (T1) up to four years (T7) after diagnosis. Study I: the aim was to describe how participants (n=56) cope with cancer-related distress in response to closed and open-ended questions. In response to closed-ended questions, the majority reported emotion-focused strategies, and in response to open-ended questions they reported meaning-based and problem-focused strategies. Study II: the aim was to investigate nurses’ and physicians’ ability to identify which coping strategies participants (n=48) use. Neither nurses nor physicians were successful in identifying which strategies participants used, although physicians were somewhat better. Study III: the aim was to identify participants’ (n=61) psychosocial states. Three states were identified: poor (A), average (B), and good (C). From 18 months after diagnosis more participants than expected by chance were in state C. At T7 77% were in State C and 15% in State A. Female gender, divorced parents, and using distracting to cope was related to State A and B. Study IV: the aim was to describe negative and positive cancer-related consequences reported (n=32) three and four years after diagnosis and to establish whether using certain strategies at T1 was related to reports of certain consequences at T7. The majority reported negative and positive consequences and a relation between using distracting to cope at T1 and reporting bodily concerns at T7 was established. In conclusion: it is difficult for nurses and physicians to identify how adolescents recently diagnosed with cancer cope with distress; the majority of individuals diagnosed with cancer during adolescence experience a state of good psychosocial function during the extended phase of survival, and distress and personal growth often go hand in hand after cancer during adolescence.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2011. , 62 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 693
adolescents, cancer, coping, psychosocial, consequences
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-157094ISBN: 978-91-554-8131-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-157094DiVA: diva2:435368
2011-09-30, Auditorium Minus, Akademigatan 3, Uppsala, 09:15 (Swedish)
Ahlström, Gerd, Professor
von Essen, Louise, ProfessorLjungman, Gustaf, DocentMattsson, Elisabet, Medicine doktor
List of papers