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Disentangling gender, peace and democratization: the negative effects of militarized masculinity
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, University of Notre Dame, USA.
2011 (English)In: Journal of Gender Studies, ISSN 0958-9236, E-ISSN 1465-3869, Vol. 20, no 2, 139-154 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article investigates, both theoretically and empirically, the relationships between democratization, gender equality and peace. We argue that there is a need to scrutinize both the level of democracy as well as the level of masculine hegemony in societies. Methodologically, we use a combination of quantitative and qualitative analyses to support our argument. We employ regression analysis to show that the relationship between the extent of democracy and the representation of women in politics appears, at first glance, to be non-existent but turns out to be a curvi-linear one. We also show that democracy can facilitate peace, but only in interaction with the level of political gender equality, so that more democratic societies are more peaceful only if there have been moves to gender equality. Our interpretation of these findings is illustrated by the contemporary politics of Thailand. Recent political violence in southern Thailand can be accounted for in the context of it being only partly democratized, where a culture of militarized masculinity persists alongside with, and even within, democratic institutions. Such a culture makes it both difficult for women to enter the political sphere, despite democratic elections, and fosters political violence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 20, no 2, 139-154 p.
Keyword [en]
gender, democratization, peace, conflict, militarized masculinities, Thailand
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-156811DOI: 10.1080/09589236.2011.565194ISI: 000299673500003OAI: diva2:433379
The East Asian Peace Programme
Available from: 2011-08-09 Created: 2011-08-09 Last updated: 2015-12-08Bibliographically approved

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Bjarnegård, ElinMelander, Erik
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