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Alcohol Availability and Crime: Lessons from Liberalized Weekend Sales Restrictions
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2011 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In February 2000, the Swedish state monopoly alcohol retail company launched a largescale experiment in which all stores in selected counties were allowed to keep open onSaturdays. We assess the effects on crime of this expansion in access to alcohol. Toisolate the impact of the experiment from other factors, we compare conviction rates inage cohorts above and below the national drinking age restriction in counties where theexperiment had been implemented, and contrast these differences to those in countiesthat still prohibited weekend alcohol commerce. Our analysis relies on extensiveindividual conviction data that have been merged to population registers. Afterdemonstrating that Saturday opening of alcohol shops significantly raised alcohol sales,we show that it also increased crime. The increase is confined to crimes committed onSaturdays and is driven by illegal activity among individuals with low ability and amongpersons with fathers that have completed at least some secondary education. Althoughthe increases in crime and alcohol sales were slightly higher during the initial phase ofthe experiment, our evidence suggests that both effects persist over time. Our analysisreveals that the social costs linked to the experiment exceed the monetary benefits. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI); Stockholm University , 2011. , 44 p.
Series
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 9/2011
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-60121OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-60121DiVA: diva2:433287
Available from: 2011-08-09 Created: 2011-08-09 Last updated: 2012-02-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Essays on Inequality and Social Policy: Education, Crime and Health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Essays on Inequality and Social Policy: Education, Crime and Health
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis consists of four empirical essays. The first essay evaluates the impact on crime of a large scale experimental scheme in which all state monopoly alcohol stores in selected Swedish counties kept open on Saturdays. We show that the experiment significantly raised both alcohol sales and crime. The effect is confined to Saturdays and tentative evidence indicates a displacement of crime from weekdays to Saturdays. The experiment had no significant impact on crime over the entire week.

The second essay examines the effect of income inequality on health for newly arrived refugees. The results reveal no statistically significant effect of income inequality on the risk of being hospitalized. This finding holds for most population subgroups and when separating between different types of diagnoses. The conclusions do not change when we consider long-term exposure to inequality. Our estimates are precise enough to rule out large effects of income inequality on health.

The third essay examines the effect of relative income differences on criminal behavior. There is a positive effect on the propensity to commit property crime. The effect is small and mainly driven by past offenders, low educated and young individuals. I only find weak evidence that relative income differences increases the likelihood to commit violent crime. The empirical analysis further reveals that differences in gross labor earnings are more strongly related to crime than disparities in disposable income.

The fourth essay describes the patterns of intergenerational transmission of education among immigrant mothers and their daughters. The results show that the persistence is slightly lower among immigrants compared to natives, and that the relationship is weaker among those who start out disadvantaged. I find large variations across different immigrant groups, but these differences are partly explained by the fact that groups belong to different parts of the educational distribution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Economics, Stockholm University, 2012. 185 p.
Series
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 87
Keyword
Alcohol laws, Crime, Delinquency, Education, Health, Immigrants, Income inequality, Intergenerational Transmission, Relative Income Differences, Substance use, Quasi-experiment
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-72485 (URN)978-91-7447-442-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-03-30, hörsal 3, hus B, Universitetsvägen 10 B, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-03-08 Created: 2012-02-13 Last updated: 2012-11-10Bibliographically approved

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Grönqvist, Niknami WP 9/2011(231 kB)446 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Language
  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • asciidoc
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