Chlamydia trachomatis is an obligate intracellular bacterium of major human health concern, causing urogential chlamydia infections, lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) and trachoma. Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections worldwide and can cause infertility.
In the first four papers described herein we used a high resolution multilocus sequence typing (MLST) system to investigate the epidemiology of C. trachomatis, and showed that MLST is superior to conventional ompA genotyping with respect to resolution. In the fifth paper we simplified the methodology by developing and validating a multilocus typing (MLT) DNA microarray based on the MLST system.
In more detail, MLST analysis of consecutive specimens from 2006 in Örebro County in Sweden, and comparison to specimens from 1999-2000, showed that the new variant C. trachomatis (nvCT) is monoclonal and likely has appeared in recent years.
MLST analysis of LGV specimens from men who have sex with men (MSM) showed that the increase of LGV in Europe in the last decade indeed was a clonal outbreak, contrary to the USA where LGV might have been present all along.
In the third paper, clinical symptoms could not be correlated with the MLST genotypes, suggesting, together with the combined results of all previous studies, that bacterial factors, if important, need to be understood in the context of host factors.
MLST analysis of specimens from a high incidence C. trachomatis area in North Norway revealed interesting epidemiological details concerning unusual genetic variants, the nvCT and MSM, but found no significant difference in genetic diversity compared to two other geographic areas in Norway.
Lastly, we developed a MLT array that provides high resolution while being rapid and cost-effective, which makes it an interesting alternative for C. trachomatis genotyping.
In conclusion, the MLST system and the MLT array have proven to be useful tools and should now be applied in further investigations to improve our understanding of C. trachomatis epidemiology.
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2011. , 48 p.
Chlamydia trachomatis: multilocus sequence typing: MLST: genotyping: lymphogranuloma venereum: new variant C. tracomatis: nvCT: multilocus typing DNA microarray: MLT array
2011-09-29, Hörsalen, Klinisk mikrobiologi, Akademiska sjukhuset, Dag Hammarskjöldsväg 17, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)