Phylogenetic characterization of equine influenza viruses from Swedish outbreaks from 1979 to 2001
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Introduction: Equine influenza virus, an influenza type A virus, belongs to the family of Orthomyxoviridae. Equine influenza is a major cause of respiratory disease in horses and outbreaks have severe economical repercussions for the horse industry. It is considered to be endemic in Sweden and between 1997 and 2006 there have been around 10 to 40 outbreaks every year. The objective of this study was to do a phylogenetic characterization of equine influenza outbreaks that occurred in Sweden during a twenty year period.
Methods: The haemagglutinin and neuraminidase gene of 14 samples and the complete genome of three samples collected over the span of 20 years were sequenced. The viral RNA were extracted, amplified with OneStep RT-PCR and sequenced.
Results & Discussion: The phylogenetic tree and deduced amino acid sequence of HA1 illustrated that different lineages of equine influenza virus has circulated simultaneously in the Swedish horse population. The isolates mainly belonged to pre-divergence-, Eurasian- and American lineages. To characterize equine influenza viruses is important for vaccine strain selection, to fully understand the disease and how the virus evolves.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 15 p.
H3N8, Phylogeny, Genetic, Vaccine, Antigenic drift
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-156539OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-156539DiVA: diva2:432121