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Som att andas genom ett sugrör: Patientens upplevelse av att leva med kroniskt obstruktiv lungsjukdom med fokus på ångestsymtom
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
As to breathe through a straw : Patients’ experience of living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, focusing on symptoms of anxiety (English)
Abstract [sv]

Kroniskt obstruktiv lungsjukdom är en underdiagnostiserad sjukdom som drabbar allt fler individer. Sjukdomen förekommer främst bland rökare men även icke-rökare kan drabbas. De mest förekommande symtomen vid kroniskt obstruktiv lungsjukdom är andfåddhet och andnöd. Symtomen påverkar varandra och kan ge upphov till en känsla av ångest hos patienterna. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa upplevelsen av att leva med kroniskt obstruktiv lungsjukdom med fokus på ångestsymtom. Studien genomfördes som en litteraturstudie innehållande 13 kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar. Andningssvårigheter beskrevs som den största faktorn bakom ångest vilket i sin tur påverkade patientens fysiska och psykiska välmående. Ångest i kombination med ett begränsat andningsflöde bidrog till att patienterna upplevde en känsla av att kvävas. Andningen beskrevs som fruktansvärd och patienterna jämförde tillståndet som att andas genom ett sugrör. Många patienter avvaktade kontakt med sjukvård i hopp om att symtomen spontant skulle avta. När symtomen förvärrats och kontakt initierades ansågs sjukvårdskontakten ändå vara betydelsefull för patienterna. Studien kan bidra med viktig information vid vård av patienter med kroniskt obstruktiv lungsjukdom. Studien kan också ge värdefull information till den fortsatta forskningen kring sjukdomens symtom.

 

Abstract [en]

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease is an underdiagnosed disease that today affects more and more individuals. The disease appears mainly with smokers but non-smokers can be affected too. The most occurring symptoms at chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are breathlessness and shortness of breath. The symptoms affect one another and can create a feeling of anxiety. The aim of the study was to illuminate the experience of living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with focus on the symptom anxiety. The study was conducted as a literature review containing 13 qualitative and quantitative articles. Difficulties to breathe were described as one of the biggest reasons behind anxiety which affected both the physical and psychological well-being of the patients. The limited airflow and symptoms of anxiety involved a feeling of one being suffocated. The breathing was described as a dreadful situation and the patients compared the condition to breathing through a straw. Many of the patients chose to postpone the contact with medical care thinking that the symptoms would moderate. When the symptoms accelerated medical care yet seemed important for the patients. The study can contribute with meaningful information to the care of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The study can also give valuable input to further research studies, especially on patients’ view on health related quality of life related to the symptoms of the disease.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 42 p.
Keyword [en]
Anxiety, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, experience
Keyword [sv]
Kroniskt obstruktiv lungsjukdom, upplevelser, ångest
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-15840OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-15840DiVA: diva2:431585
Subject / course
Nursing
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-07-27 Created: 2011-07-20 Last updated: 2011-07-27Bibliographically approved

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School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS)
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health EconomyNursing

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