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Functional analysis of the group A streptococcal luxS/AI-2 system in metabolism, adaptation to stress and interaction with host cells
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2008 (English)In: BMC Microbiology, ISSN 1471-2180, E-ISSN 1471-2180, Vol. 8, 188- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

The luxS/AI-2 signaling pathway has been reported to interfere with important physiological and pathogenic functions in a variety of bacteria. In the present study, we investigated the functional role of the streptococcal luxS/AI-2 system in metabolism and diverse aspects of pathogenicity including the adaptation of the organism to stress conditions using two serotypes of Streptococcus pyogenes, M1 and M19.

Results

Exposing wild-type and isogenic luxS-deficient strains to sulfur-limited media suggested a limited role for luxS in streptococcal activated methyl cycle metabolism. Interestingly, loss of luxS led to an increased acid tolerance in both serotypes. Accordingly, luxS expression and AI-2 production were reduced at lower pH, thus linking the luxS/AI-2 system to stress adaptation in S. pyogenes. luxS expression and AI-2 production also decreased when cells were grown in RPMI medium supplemented with 10% serum, considered to be a host environment-mimicking medium. Furthermore, interaction analysis with epithelial cells and macrophages showed a clear advantage of the luxS-deficient mutants to be internalized and survive intracellularly in the host cells compared to the wild-type parents. In addition, our data revealed that luxS influences the expression of two virulence-associated factors, the fasX regulatory RNA and the virulence gene sibA (psp).

Conclusion

Here, we suggest that the group A streptococcal luxS/AI-2 system is not only involved in the regulation of virulence factor expression but in addition low level of luxS expression seems to provide an advantage for bacterial survival in conditions that can be encountered during infections.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central , 2008. Vol. 8, 188- p.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-45510DOI: 10.1186/1471-2180-8-188PubMedID: 18973658OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-45510DiVA: diva2:430072
Available from: 2011-07-06 Created: 2011-07-06 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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Charpentier, Emmanuelle
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Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR)Molecular Infection Medicine Sweden (MIMS)Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Medicine)
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