Nordiskt bistånd till balterna, men med vilken ambition?: en jämförelse av Sveriges, Finlands, Danmarks och Norges strategier mellan 1991-2001
Student paper otherStudent thesis
Ämnesområdet avhandlar svenskt, finskt, danskt och norskt bistånd (säkerhetsfrämjande stöd) till de baltiska länderna Estland, Lettland och Litauen under perioden 1991-2001. Undersökningen omfattar främst den säkerhetspolitiska målsättning som respektive nordiskt land har haft för sitt stöd till respektive baltiskt land under 1991-2001. Syftet är att analysera de fyra nordiska ländernas individuella säkerhetspolitiska målsättningar och därigenom se om de fyra nordiska aktörerna verkligen är så koordinerade i sitt stöd som de övergripande målsättningarna kan ge sken av? Uppträder de fyra nordiska länderna som den koordinerade aktör som man ibland kan få uppfattningen av? Eller är det så att de i verkligheten agerar som fyra separata aktörer? Som modell för att analysera det nordiska ländernas stöd har det vidare säkerhetsbegreppet för staten använts.
The purpose of this essay came out of a study of the Nordic Countries’ security-policy goals for their individual support programmes towards Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, between the years of 1991-2001. It is easy to believe that the four Nordic Countries are acting in a co-ordinated way in their aims to support the Baltic States. That belief arises from the fairly similar overall security-policy aims connecting their support towards the Baltic States. There are also several other areas in which the Nordic Countries are known to co-operate, for example, the Nordic Council of Ministers, where the Nordic Countries co-ordinate their policies. Therefore I felt the need to analyse if there was a possibility, that they were acting as one co-ordinated actor or if they actually were four separate actors. The reason for the chosen period of time is that it is pointless to analyse the support when the Baltic States were under Russian rule. The liberation from Russia came in 1991 for the Baltic States. And since the Russian withdrawal from the Baltic States the window was suddenly set wide open for support to the newly independent states. The end date 2001 is chosen because of the need to verify the different projects in that period and I don’t intend to study future events in this essay.
The disposition of this essay is as follows: I have extracted the necessary information from each Nordic Country’s security-policy for the support towards the Baltic States and then compared it to six different themes. The themes are connected in a model, which describes the wider security concept for the nation state. The comparison is made so as to see how the Nordic Countries differ in this concept and between the six different themes. Each chapter is connected to one theme and ends with a summary and conclusions. All these conclusions and parts of the summary are then analysed in the final chapter, where all themes are compared over the stated period of time and conclusions are drawn according to the questions posed in the essay.
There were a number of conclusions made in the last chapter that show the following. For a start, I would like to comment on the specific programmes made by the Nordic Countries. They differ in length, layout and if they handle one specific Baltic State or all three together. Sweden, Denmark and Norway have gone towards individual programmes for each Baltic State, but Finland holds onto a common programme for all three Baltic States. Another thing is that Finland strongly supports mainly one Baltic State, namely Estonia. That priority is not so evident among the other Nordic Countries. On the financial side, Norway provides 1/5 of the Swedish and Danish and ½ of the Finish contributions. But the strongest proof of the discrepancy between the Nordic Countries can be seen in the analysis of the different themes. One example of many is Sweden’s recently started export of war material for three reduced brigades. No other Nordic Country has that policy and support. The Finns are reducing their support to the Baltic States and terminate this in 2005. My conclusion is that when you closely analyse the Nordic Countries’ support towards The Baltic States, it is evident that they are acting as four separate players even if they seem co-ordinated in their overall aims.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. , 94 p.
Säkerhetspolitik, Internationellt bistånd, Sverige, Danmark, Finland, Norge, Estland, Lettland, Litauen, Baltikum, Uppsatser, Chefsprogrammet, Chefsprogrammet 1999-2001
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-1918OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-1918DiVA: diva2:429871
UppsokSocial and Behavioural Science, Law
Avdelning: ALB - Slutet Mag 3 C-upps.
Hylla: Upps. ChP 99-012011-07-062011-07-062011-07-06Bibliographically approved