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Att leva med lungcancer i den palliativa fasen
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Living with lung cancer in the palliative stage (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Lungcancer är den femte vanligaste cancerformen i Sverige, med dålig prognos och leder ofta till döden. Då bot inte längre är möjligt blir palliativ vård aktuellt. Detta betyder att patienten bör vara fri från smärta och plågsamma symtom, att man varken påskyndar eller skjuter upp döden och att döendet ska ses som en normal process. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva patienters upplevelser av att leva med lungcancer i den palliativa fasen. Metod: Studien genomfördes som en litteraturstudie (overview), baserad på empiriska studier inom det valda ämnet. Sökning skedde i databaserna Cinahl, PubMed och PsycInfo.  Litteraturstudien grundades på tolv kritiskt granskade studier, både kvalitativa och kvantitativa, publicerade i vetenskapliga tidskrifter.

Resultat: I resultatet framkom fysiska, psykiska, existentiella och sociala upplevelser. Resultatet presenterades med inspiration av Peter Strangs modell om symtomkontrollens betydelse i den palliativa vården. Diskussion: Resultatet diskuterades utifrån två fynd. Ett fynd var dyspné som upplevdes smärtsamt och förknippades med ångest och oro. Det andra fyndet var upplevelsen av förlust av olika slag. Slutsats: Svårt sjuka och döende patienter har rätt att bli vårdade av omsorgsfulla, medkännande och kunniga människor, som försöker förstå deras behov och som upplever det givande att hjälpa dem möta döden.

Abstract [en]

Background: Lung cancer is the fifth most common form of cancer in Sweden, with a poor prognosis and it often leads to death. As there is no cure, palliative care is applied. This means that the patient should not have to suffer from pain and agonizing symptoms. There is no affect that either hastens or postpones death and death should be considered as a normal process. Purpose: The purpose was to describe patients' experiences with regard to living with lung cancer in the palliative stage. Method: The study was performed as a literature overview, based on empirical studies within the chosen subject. Research was done using Cinahl, PubMed and PsycInfo databases. The literature study was based on twelve critically reviewed studies, qualitative and quantitative, published in scientific magazines. Results: Physical, mental, existential and social experiences emerged from the results. Results are presented, inspired by Peter Strang's model about the meaning of using system control in palliative care was used in the presentation of the results. Discussion: The result was based on two elements. A finding was dyspnea and was experienced painful and was associated with anxiety and worry. The second finding was the experience of loss of various kinds.  

Conclusion: Patients who are fatally ill and facing death have the right to be nursed in a caring, empathetic way by experienced people who understand their needs and can appreciate the rewarding to meet death.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
Lung cancer, palliative care, nursing, patient, experience
Keyword [sv]
Lungcancer, palliativ vård, omvårdnad, patient, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-8281OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-8281DiVA: diva2:428220
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-06-30 Created: 2011-06-29 Last updated: 2011-06-30Bibliographically approved

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