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Israelisk luftmakt under Yom-Kippur kriget: en studie av israelisk luftmakt och manöverkrigföring
Swedish National Defence College.
2004 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Manöverkrigföring är idag ett centralt begrepp inom den konceptuella delen av krigföringsförmåganför många västländer. Luftmaktens betydelse i väpnade konflikter är också aktuell i dagensmilitärteoretiska debatt. Men vad innebär då manöverkrig för luftmakt? Ett land som ibland lyftsfram som skickliga på manöverkrigföring, och som dessutom traditionellt sett använt luftmaktflitigt, är Israel. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka i vilken omfattning Israel använt sig avmanöverkrigföring vid nyttjandet av luftmakt. Inledningsvis besvaras frågan: Vad innebär manöverkrigföringför luftmakt? Därefter studerar jag Yom-Kippur kriget. Syftet är att avgöra i vilkenutsträckning Israel använt sig av manöverkrigföring med luftmakt. Slutligen identifierar jag israeliskaframgångsfaktorer för nyttjandet av luftmakt samt försöker generalisera dessa till modernluftmakt. Uppsatsen visar att med ett luftmaktsperspektiv på manöverkrigföring framträder detoperativa målet Systemchock som viktigt, samt koordinering av striden i gemensamma operationersom central. Under Yom-Kippur kriget visade Israels agerande inledningsvis få tecken på manöverkrig.Efter hand ökade emellertid inslagen bl a genom ett effektivt utövande av operationskonstoch samordning av luft- och markstridskrafter. De israeliska framgångsfaktorerna från krigetpåminner i flera avseenden om de brittiska erfarenheterna från Irakkriget 2003. Min slutsats ärändå att dessa framgångsfaktorer inte kan generaliseras till modern luftmakt. Jag formulerar iställetföljande hypotes: Kontroll av luftrummet, samordning, tempo samt luftmaktens autonoma rollär centrala faktorer för luftmaktens nyttjande vid konventionell krigföring.

Abstract [en]

Among western countries Maneuver Warfare is currently an important conceptconcerning the conceptual aspects of warfighting. However, a great deal of theliterature in the field is written from a land-warfare perspective. The importanceof Air Power in modern warfighting is also a subject in current thoughtsof military theory, as is the idea of joint operations.Then what is the implication of Maneuver Warfare for Air Power? A countrysometimes associated with Maneuver Warfare is Israel. Analysing Israeli AirPower can achieve an increased understanding of the relations between AirPower, joint operations and Maneuver Warfare. The purpose of this thesis istherefore to explore to which extent Israel has used Maneuver Warfare whenemploying its Air Power. Initially I answer the question: What is the implicationof Maneuver Warfare for Air Power? This is done by analysing militarytheory relevant to the subject. Next I study the Yom-Kippur War in order toestablish to what extent Israel used Maneuver Warfare in an Air Power sense.Finally, I identify Israeli success-factors concerning the application of AirPower and try to generalize these to modern Air Power. In this case modernAir Power application is limited to British experiences of the Iraq-War in 2003.The overall conclusion of the thesis is that with an Air Power perspective onManeuver Warfare the operational objective of System Paralysis is of vitalimportance and that coordination of the Joint-Battle is essential. During theYom-Kippur War the action of the Israel Air Force initially showed few indicationsof Maneuver Warfare. As the war proceeded the application of ManeuverWarfare increased. This is evident from the successful application of OperationalArt and from increased coordination between Air- and Ground Forces. Itbrought about an Israeli control of the air followed by a dominance of all flanksof the battlespace, which could be utilized with an ever increasing tempo. Inseveral aspects the Israeli success-factors resemble the British experiences ofthe Iraq-War. However, my conclusion is that due to the nature of warfarethese success-factors cannot be generalized to the application of modern AirPower. Still, I conclude that certain factors are important to consider regardingAir Power in conventional warfare. My final conclusion, therefore, ends withthe following hypothesis:Control of the air, coordination, tempo and the autonomous role of AirPower are vital to consider regarding the application of Air Power in conventionalwarfare.Finally, I suggest that further research concerning the above stated hypothesisis done.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. , 61 p.
Keyword [sv]
Manöverkrigföring, Luftherravälde, Israel, Oktoberkriget 1973, Uppsatser, Chefsprogrammet, Chefsprogrammet 2002-2004
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-1675OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-1675DiVA: diva2:428111
Educational program
Chefsprogrammet. (ChP)
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Note
Avdelning: ALB - Slutet Mag 3 C-upps Hylla: Upps. ChP 02-04Available from: 2011-06-30 Created: 2011-06-29 Last updated: 2011-06-30Bibliographically approved

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