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Audiologisk rehabilitering: En litteratur- och enkätstudie i Danmark, Norge, Sverige och på Island
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Audiologisk rehabilitering är en komplicerad process som ska innehålla olika insatser byggda på ett holistisk synsätt med medicinska, tekniska och beteendevetenskapliga aspekter involverade. Historiskt har dock den tekniska och medicinska delen ofta fått ta större plats än psykosociala bitar i rehabiliteringen.

Syftet med studien var att undersöka likheter och skillnader angående audiologisk rehabilitering utifrån ramverket, ideologin samt praktiken i Danmark, Norge, Sverige och på Island.

Metod: För att kunna uppnå syftet och få en mer helhetlig inblick i ämnet delades studien i två delar (litteraturstudie och enkätstudie). Litteraturstudien berörde ramverket i samtliga länder samt ideologin. Enkätstudien berörde praktiken i form av audionomens egen syn på audiologisk rehabilitering samt deras uppfattning av tillvägagångssättet på arbetsplatsen.

Resultat: En röd tråd går genom ramverket, ideologin och praktiken i varje land. Vad gäller dessa huvudpunkter visade studien att det fanns både likheter och skillnader länderna emellan. I det stora hela visar resultatet av studien att tankesättet inom audiologisk rehabilitering är något mer holistiskt i Sverige än i de övriga länderna.

Slutsats: Trycket om en kostnadseffektiv vård står i kontrast till sjukvårdslagarna då en kortsiktigt planerad hörselvård riskerar att motverka en holistisk audiologisk rehabilitering.

 

Abstract [en]

Audiological rehabilitation is a complicated process entailing different aspects from medical, technical and behaviour science forming a holistic treatment. Historically more emphasis has been placed on the technical and medical facets of the treatment compared to the psychosocial.

Purpose: The study´s purpose was to inspect similarities and differences regarding audiological rehabilitation by examining the framework, ideology and practice in Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Iceland.

Method: To be able to achieve the purpose and to get a holistic insight the study was divided into two parts, namely litterature study and questionnaires. The litterature study reviewed the countries framework and ideology. The questionnaire analyzed the audiologists thoughts on audiological rehabilitation as well as the workplace approach.

Results: There is a fine thread within each country that goes through the framework, ideology and practice. Furthermore, the study showed that there are both similarities and differences between the different countries. In general the study proved that the mindset in Sweden is more holistic compared to the other countries.

Conclusion: The pressure for cost-effective care is in contrast with health care laws as short-term planned health care can counteract an holistic audiological rehabilitation

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 54 p.
Keyword [en]
Audiological rehabilitation, audiologist, working process, holistic rehabilitation, holistic perspectiv.
Keyword [sv]
Audiologisk rehabilitering, audionom, arbetsprocess, holistisk rehabilitering, helhetsperspektiv.
National Category
Otorhinolaryngology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-16145ISRN: ORU-HAK/AUD-GK-2011/0006--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-16145DiVA: diva2:427817
Subject / course
Audiology
Presentation
2011-05-31, Forumhuset, Örebro, 14:30 (Swedish)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-08-10 Created: 2011-06-28 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Audiologisk rehabilitering: En litteratur- och enkätstudie i Danmark, Norge, Sverige och på Island(932 kB)356 downloads
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