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Livet med en ny lever: patienters livskvalitet efter en levertransplantation
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Life with a new liver : patients quality of life following a liver transplantation (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sjuksköterskan bör ha kunskap om begreppet livskvalitet för att kunna bemöta patienter som genomgått en levertransplantation, då den upplevda livskvalitén är betydelsefull för patienterna. Syftet var att beskriva livskvalitet hos patienter som genomgått en levertransplantation. Studien är genomförd som en litteraturstudie där 12 vetenskapliga artiklar har granskats. Resultatet visar att den upplevda livskvalitén hos levertransplanterade patienter är relativt god men det finns delar av livskvalitén som påverkas negativt efter levertransplantationen. Livskvalitén påverkas av fysiska, psykiska och sociala aspekter. De delar som påverkade livskvalitén positivt var familjen, att kunna återvända till det yrkesverksamma livet och att få en chans till ett nytt liv. Negativa aspekter som framkom i resultatet var bland annat förlorad autonomi, fysisk inaktivitet och en känsla av utanförskap i samhället. Vidare omvårdnadsforskning inom området livskvalitet relaterat till levertransplantation bör utföras. Sjuksköterskor behöver utbildning i ämnet för att i omvårdnadsarbetet kunna främja och bevara patienters livskvalitet.

 

Abstract [en]

The nurse should have knowledge of the concept of quality of life to respond to patients who underwent a liver transplant, when the perceived quality of life is important for patients. The aim was to describe the quality of life in patients undergoing a liver transplant. The study was conducted as a literature review of 12 scientific papers that have been reviewed. The results show that the perceived quality of life in liver transplant patients is relatively good but there are elements of quality of life adversely affected by post-liver transplant. Quality of life is affected by physical, psychological and social aspects. The elements affecting the quality of life positively were the family, ability to return to the working life and to get a chance to start a new life. Negative aspects that emerged from the results included the loss of autonomy, physical inactivity and a sense of alienation in society. In addition, nursing research in the field of quality of life related to liver transplantation should be performed. Nurses need education on the topic of the nursing work to promote and preserve patients' quality of life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 14 p.
Keyword [en]
Liver transplantation, patients, transplant recipients, quality of life
Keyword [sv]
Levertransplantation, livskvalitet, patienter, transplantat mottagare
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-15671OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-15671DiVA: diva2:427799
Subject / course
Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-07-19 Created: 2011-06-28 Last updated: 2011-07-19Bibliographically approved

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