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Delaktighet i daglig verksamhet: upplevelsen hos äldrepersoner med utvecklingsstörning
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Participation in Daily Activities : Perceptions of older people with intellectual disabilities (English)
Abstract [sv]

Att ha en utvecklingsstörning leder ofta till svårigheter att utföra dagliga aktiviteter. Detta resulterar i behov av anpassat stöd för att kunna vara delaktig. Personer somhar en utvecklingsstörning blir allt äldre och går inte i pension vid samma ålder somden övriga befolkningen. Därför har den dagliga verksamheten en stor betydelse förderas vardag. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur äldre personer som har enutvecklingsstörning upplever sin delaktighet i daglig verksamhet. För att få svar pådetta genomfördes kvalitativa intervjuer med nio personer som har enutvecklingsstörning, regelbundet gick på daglig verksamhet och var över 50 år. Ianalysen framkom tre teman, personliga faktorer, miljöfaktorer och bestämmande,vilka påverkade informanternas upplevelse av delaktighet. Studien visade attupplevelsen av delaktigheten på daglig verksamhet hade förbättrats jämfört med närde var yngre. Det framkom att åldrandet påverkade delaktighet eftersom erfarenhetupplevs leda till ökad kunskap om sin egen aktivitetsförmåga. Informanterna menadeatt de nu hade större möjlighet att fatta egna beslut och själva påverka sitt görande på daglig verksamhet. En slutsats var att informanterna inte reflekterat så mycket överatt bli äldre, vilket kan bero på att övergången till ålderdomen inte blir så tydlig då pensionering är ovanligt.

Abstract [en]

Having an intellectual disability often leads to limitations in performing daily activities. It also results in a need for tailored support to be able to participate. The mean age for persons with an intellectual disability is increasing and they do not retire at the same age as people without intellectual disability. Daily activities therefore have an important role in their everyday life. The aim was to investigate how older persons with intellectual disabilities perceive their participation in daily activities. Nine qualitative interviews were conducted with persons over 50 years old who had an intellectual disability and who regularly engaged in daily activities. The analysis highlighted three themes,- decision-making, personal factors and environmental factors,- that affect the informants’ perception of participation in daily activities. The study showed that the perception of participation in daily activities had improved compared with when they were younger. Ageing affects participation because experience is perceived as bringing greater knowledge about performance capacity.The informants reported that they now had more opportunities to make decisions and influence their situation in daily activities. One conclusion is that people with intellectual disabilities do not reflect much about becoming older since the transition to being old is not that clear because retirement is unusual.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
Participation, Developmental Disability, Work, Ageing
Keyword [sv]
Delaktighet, Intellektuell funktionsnedsättning, Arbete, Åldrande
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-69462ISRN: LIU-ISV/AT-C--10/028--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-69462DiVA: diva2:427731
Subject / course
Occupational therapy Degree project C-level
Uppsok
Medicine
Available from: 2011-06-29 Created: 2011-06-28 Last updated: 2011-06-29Bibliographically approved

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Delaktighet i daglig verksamhet – upplevelsen hos äldre personer med utvecklingsstörning(421 kB)820 downloads
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