Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE credits
The law in sexual crimeis one of the most important sections in law that we have for the legalsecurity in relation to the victims. It took many years before Sweden began toactively examine how our laws were designed in this area, but throughout the2000s, several reforms have taken place. These have in turn led to SOU 2010:71,the inquiry is for us to have a new sexual offenses law again January 1st 2012.
The major reform took place in 2005,which would change the whole structure of Sexual Crimes Act by the new Chapter6. The goal here was to increase the protection of children victims of sexualabuse of any kind. Furthermore, they changed the term "sexualrelations" to "sexual conduct" throughout the entire chapter 6.The reason for this was that the former term is considered to be misinterpretedthat an assault could be seen as mutual. More thoughts how to design the lawwas presented in this reform, which may cause us to get one with acomprehensive legislation in this area.
An organization that has been givena voice in the legislative process is ECPAT, which actively works for increasedprotection for children who are sexually abused and sexually exploited. Theirexamination of draft laws has led to the seen several loopholes and enforcementproblems that need attention, to the Act must be better protected than it isfor the moment is. A major problem they see in the distinction in terms ofprotection for children up to 17 years, where it appears that we just have anabsolute protection for children up to 12-13 years of age, this must beaddressed to children should not go overlooked in the sections of law.
ECPAT also makes parallels in itsresponse to the big pimping scandal that took place in Malmo in year 2010. Theypressed on several points that indicate gaps in current legislation and that itcan be clearly inferred from the judgments of the target in question. That thisshould be taken seriously, there is no doubt, especially as Sweden also beencriticized for lack of adequate training for our judges and courts. In severalEuropean countries have special courts and specially trained judges in suchcases and it is something that we in Sweden should introduce immediately, to increaselegal protection to people who have been sexually abused.