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Alzheimers sjukdom: - ur anhörigvårdarnas perspektiv
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Alzheimers disease : - from the caregivers perspective (English)
Abstract [sv]

Att vara anhörigvårdare till en person med Alzheimers sjukdom innebär förändringar inom familjen som kan vara svåra att hantera. Sjuksköterskan kan hjälpa anhörigvårdaren att lättare hantera rollen som vårdare genom att ge adekvat information och stöd. Syftet var att undersöka behovet av stöd och information hos anhörigvårdare till personer med Alzheimers sjukdom. Metoden var en litteraturstudie där fyra kvalitativa samt tio kvantitativa artiklar sammanställdes till ett resultat. Resultatet visade på ett stort behov av information och stöd under hela sjukdomsprocessen. Det sociala nätverket och vårdpersonal utgjorde ett stort stöd för anhörigvårdarna. Stödgrupper och stödprogram visade sig vara uppskattade av anhörigvårdare då de tillgodosåg behovet av både stöd och information. Anhörigvårdare ville ha adekvat information i ett tidigt skede av sjukdomen och det fanns ett uttalat behov av individanpassad information. Sjuksköterskans uppgift är att uppmärksamma dessa behov och tillgodose dem, genom att hjälpa anhörigvårdare att etablera kontakt med andra i samma situation. Det bör ingå i utbildningen att uppmärksamma anhörigvårdare och deras behov för att få en ökad förståelse för deras situation. Fortsatt forskning är önskvärt för att lyfta fram anhörigvårdarnas behov.

Abstract [en]

To become a caregiver to a person with Alzheimer´s disease means a lot of changes in the family that can be hard to cope with. The nurse can give adequate information and support to help the caregiver handle the role as a career. The purpose of the study was to examine the needs of information and support to caregivers of persons with Alzheimer’s disease. The literature study was based on four qualitative and ten quantitative articles. These articles were processed and compiled to a result. The result showed a great need of information and support through the whole process of the disease. The social network and health professionals were a great support to the caregivers. Support groups and support interventions were valuable to the caregivers because their needs of support and information were satisfied. The caregivers wanted information about Alzheimer's disease in its early stages and that information should be tailored individually. A task that should be provided by the nurse is to identify the needs of the caregivers and help them establish a contact with other peers in satisfying these needs. The nurse education should include the caregivers’ needs and therefore allowing the nurse a better understanding of each caregiver given situation. Therefore, there is a need for further research in highlighting the needs of caregivers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 15 p.
Keyword [en]
Alzheimer’s disease, caregiver, information, needs, support
Keyword [sv]
Alzheimers sjukdom, anhörigvårdare, behov, information, stöd
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-15551OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-15551DiVA: diva2:425748
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-06-22 Created: 2011-06-21 Last updated: 2011-06-22Bibliographically approved

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