L'alternance codique dans l'enseignement du FLE: Étude quantitative et qualitative de la production orale d'interlocuteurs suédophones en classe de lycée
2011 (French)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Code-switching in the French foreign language classroom : A quantitative and qualitative study of the interlocutors' oral production of French at upper secondary school in Sweden (English)
The aim of the present study is, firstly, to investigate the amount of Swedish and French that is produced by teachers and students in the foreign language classroom and, secondly, to examine in which situations the interlocutors code-switch and for what purposes the two languages are used. The study is based on empirical data consisting of audio recordings of interactions taking place in two different classrooms in Sweden.
The study is carried out within an interactionist perspective on language teaching and learning, stressing that learning is situated in learners’ social and interactional practices.
The empirical material has been categorized into five different groups according to the participation structure of each interaction and then analysed in two different parts, one quantitative and one qualitative.
The quantitative analysis of the corpus established that the Swedish language is present in each of the categories. The results of the count of every turn and word pronounced in each language in the corpus show that many turns expressed by both teachers and students consist of a mixture of Swedish and French. This switching between different codes is the main object of the qualitative analysis of the corpus.
The results of the qualitative analysis indicate that the participation structure and the choice of activity types and how these are organised in the classroom are decisive for teachers’ and students’ code-switching. Furthermore, the teachers’ actions concerning the choice of language for the interaction as well as their strategies to deal with the presence of both languages are conclusive for the students’ oral production of French in class. The analysis also reveals that the more the teachers use the target language in a consistent way, the more the students try to express themselves in French even if they often code-switch.
The study points out the complexity of speaking French in a classroom context, where the teachers have to deal with the fact that the Swedish language is almost always present and used by the learners for different purposes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö, Kalmar: Linnaeus University Press , 2011. , 212 p.
Linnaeus University Dissertations, 53/2011
Code-switching, language teaching and learning, French, modern languages, French as a foreign language, classroom research
Alternance codique, classe de langue étrangère, francais langue étrangère, acquisition, apprentissage, expression orale
Kodväxling, språkundervisning, franska, främmande språk, moderna språk, språkdidaktik
Research subject Humanities, Teaching and learning in French as a second language; Humanities, Teaching and learning in French as a second language
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-11480ISBN: 978-91-86491-81-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-11480DiVA: diva2:424694
2011-06-15, Homeros, Hus F, Linnéuniversitetet, 351 95 Växjö, Växjö, 13:15 (French)
Molander Beyer, Marianne, Docent, FD
Larsson Ringqvist, Eva, Professor, FDPlathner, Jean-Georges, Lektor, FDSellbjer, Stefan, Lektor, FD
FunderSwedish Research Council, 721-2005-3826